Monday Study – The Transportation Electrification Revolution Expands
The 50 States of Electric Vehicles: Q3 2022
November 2022 (North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center)
Q3 2022 ELECTRIC VEHICLE ACTION
In Q3 2022, 37 states plus DC took a total of 395 actions related to electric vehicles. Table 1 provides a summary of state and utility actions occurring during Q3 2022. Of the 395 actions catalogued, the most common were related to Financial Incentives (115), followed by Market Development (89), and Regulation (60). All 50 states, plus DC and Puerto Rico, took actions planning for National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) program funding distribution.
TOP ELECTRIC VEHICLE ACTIONS OF Q3 2022
Five of the quarter’s most notable electric vehicle actions are noted below.
California Regulators Adopt Electric Vehicle Submetering Protocol
The California Public Utilities Commission issued a decision in August 2022, adopting an electric vehicle submetering protocol and electric vehicle supply equipment communication protocols. The order requires investor-owned utilities to implement the submetering protocol for all customers with plug-in electric vehicles, enabling special rate structures to apply to a customer’s vehicle charging load without the need for a separate meter to be installed.
Massachusetts Lawmakers Enact Expansive Electric Vehicle Legislation
Massachusetts legislators enacted an expansive bill in August 2022 including numerous provisions related to electric vehicles. The bill establishes a rebate program for zero-emission vehicles, directs distribution companies to submit electric vehicle rate proposals, and requires all Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority passenger bus purchases and leases to be zero-emission vehicles by December 31, 2030.
Duke Energy Carolinas Files Residential Vehicle-To-Grid Pilot Proposal in North Carolina
In North Carolina, Duke Energy Carolinas filed an application for approval of a vehicle-to-grid pilot program in August 2022. The pilot would be available to residential customers with chargers at their primary residences who are leasing bi-directional capable electric vehicles from participating OEMs. Duke Energy plans to launch the pilot in 2023 with the Ford F150 Lightning as the first eligible vehicle.
South Carolina Energy Office Releases Transportation Electrification Report
The South Carolina Energy Office released its transportation electrification report in September 2022, as required by legislation enacted in 2021.The report includes 27 recommendations related to electric vehicle awareness efforts, public-private collaboration, an electrification roadmap, and legislative actions. The recommendations were developed by five working groups, which focused on infrastructure, incentives and financing, education and workforce development, public entities, and equity and accessibility.
Maine Public Utilities Commission Approves Beneficial Electrification Rates
In September 2022, the Maine Public Utilities Commission approved rates designed to promote beneficial electrification for Central Maine Power and Versant Power. The rates include several tariffs designed for electric vehicle charging, energy storage, and heat pumps. The approved designs include separately-metered residential time-of-use rates and coincident peak rates for commercial charging stations.
TOP ELECTRIC VEHICLE POLICY TRENDS OF Q3 2022
States Planning for Distribution of National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Program Funding
The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, enacted by Congress in November 2021, provides transportation electrification funding for states to distribute through the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) program. The NEVI program is focused on improving major transportation corridors through the U.S., with states required to develop Alternative Fuel Corridors on interstate highways. States were required to file deployment plans with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) by August 1, 2022, and the FHWA approved each state’s plan in September 2022. Following this approval, state agencies are now taking steps to implement their plans, with several states holding stakeholder workshops or issuing requests for information in advance of requests for proposals. This report contains a bonus section tracking each state’s activity related to the planning and distribution of NEVI program funding.
Utilities Exploring Vehicle-To-Grid Capabilities
Utilities are increasingly exploring vehicle-to-grid capabilities and program designs through pilots, with many of these focused on larger vehicles, such as electric buses. In California, regulators are considering San Diego Gas & Electric’s proposed Vehicle-to-Grid Commodity Export rate, while a decision filed in October 2022 adopts rules for the compensation of exported electricity from vehicles served under Pacific Gas & Electric’s real-time pricing tariff. Xcel Energy in Minnesota and NV Energy in Nevada filed proposals for vehicle-to-grid pilots targeting electric buses, while First Energy requested approval for a vehicle-to-grid-program that would enroll commercial or government customers. In North Carolina, Duke Energy Carolinas filed an application for approval of a vehicle-to-grid pilot targeting residential customers leasing electric vehicles with battery discharge capability.
Utilities Deploying Charging Infrastructure at Multi-Unit Dwellings
A number of utilities across the country are targeting multi-unit dwellings for charging infrastructure deployment in order to help overcome some of the challenges of reaching this market segment. In Connecticut, United Illuminating proposed a municipal curbside charging pilot for “garage orphan” residents in areas with limited off-street parking, which are often areas with high rates of multi-family dwellings. New York State Electric & Gas and Rochester Gas & Electric are taking a similar approach in New York, proposing a municipal curbside charging pilot to provide affordable curbside charging to residential customers without access to inhome charging. Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative filed its plans to install, own, and operate charging stations at multi-unit dwelling properties, and Xcel Energy in Wisconsin requested approval for a new multi-family electric vehicle service pilot that would allow the utility to own charging infrastructure at these sites.