NewEnergyNews

NewEnergyNews

Gleanings from the web and the world, condensed for convenience, illustrated for enlightenment, arranged for impact...

The challenge now: To make every day Earth Day.

YESTERDAY

  • Monday Study: Cyber Security For The U.S. Power System
  • THE DAY BEFORE

  • Weekend Video: The Most Under-Appreciated, Overlooked New Energy
  • Weekend Video: Stress On The U.S. Power System
  • Weekend Video: The Ocean’s Unseen Climate Crisis Fight
  • THE DAY BEFORE THE DAY BEFORE

  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Global New Energy Demand To Meet, Old Energy Subsidies To Beat
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Global Energy Efficiency Push Gains Momentum
  • THE DAY BEFORE THAT

    THINGS-TO-THINK-ABOUT WEDNESDAY, June 22:

  • TTTA Wednesday-ORIGINAL REPORTING: V2G In The Marketplace Makes EVs A Power Source
  • TTTA Wednesday-EV Market Prices Move Toward Affordable
  • THE LAST DAY UP HERE

  • Monday Study – The World’s Climate Numbers Now
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    Founding Editor Herman K. Trabish

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    Some details about NewEnergyNews and the man behind the curtain: Herman K. Trabish, Agua Dulce, CA., Doctor with my hands, Writer with my head, Student of New Energy and Human Experience with my heart

    email: herman@NewEnergyNews.net

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      A tip of the NewEnergyNews cap to Phillip Garcia for crucial assistance in the design implementation of this site. Thanks, Phillip.

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    Pay a visit to the HARRY BOYKOFF page at Basketball Reference, sponsored by NewEnergyNews and Oil In Their Blood.

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  • FRIDAY WORLD, July 1:
  • Global 2022 New Energy Bets to Grow 8% to $2.4 Trillion
  • World’s Planned Offshore Wind Doubled in 2021

    Wednesday, June 29, 2022

    ORIGINAL REPORTING: New York’s Path To The Energy Transition

    New York's landmark Reforming the Energy Vision framework remains both vital and unfinished, analysts say; New York's REV initiatives have given full value to distributed energy resources, but the utility business model transformation must be finished, regulators and other stakeholders agreed.

    Herman K. Trabish, December 9, 2021 (Utility Dive)

    Editor’s note: New York’s REV pioneered aspproaches to a lot of the ideas that are today shaping the energy transition.

    New York’s 2019 Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act (CLCPA) now dominates the state’s policy debates and agenda on power system transformation, but regulators’ foundational Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) initiatives and regulatory proceedings remain vital, those whose created and shaped it say.

    In 2015, the New York power system’s aging infrastructure, declining efficiencies, and rising electricity rates required modernized infrastructure, operations and markets, REV’s Track One Order declared. It offered a vision of a “reoriented” regulatory model with “a consumer-centered approach that harnesses technology and markets.”

    “REV’s impacts still reverberate through New York’s regulatory process and its key pillars will make reaching CLCPA’s goals easier, faster, and more cost-effective,” said Advanced Energy Economy (AEE) Policy Director Danny Waggoner, who was in REV proceedings from the beginning. It may not have met all expectations, but “REV animated markets and changed utilities’ business models.”

    New York’s energy transition was under way and utilities were changing, Consolidated Edison spokesperson Allan Drury said. But “the heart of REV” was “its recognition that climate change is real and due to human activity” and its regulatory framework, which created “customer empowerment” through customer-owned technologies like distributed solar, batteries, and energy efficiency.

    REV drove landmark changes in distributed energy resources (DER) are valued by utilities and customers, regulators and stakeholders both agreed. Its work on how utility performance is rewarded and how utilities can serve the power system remains unfinished, but if the REV initiatives still underway are completed, it will fulfill the vision and help New York’s ongoing energy transition succeed, they added.

    New York regulatory agencies and system stakeholders collaboratively developed REV’s more than 40 initiatives from Cuomo administration-led clean energy programs and its 2015 State Energy Plan, which required a 40% emissions reduction from 1990 levels, 50% renewables generation, and a 600 trillion British Thermal Unit (BTU) energy efficiency improvement by 2030. That year, Hawaii’s nation-leading renewables mandate was 40% by 2030 and 100% by 2045, and California accelerated to 50% by 2030, while Massachusetts targeted only 25% renewables in 2030… click here for more

    Net Zero Emissions Will Not Come Easy

    According to New Modeling from Energy Innovation, California Is on Track to Produce 307 Million Metric Tons of Emissions in 2030 – Nearly 20% Over Target; to Meet Its 2030 Carbon Goals, the State Needs to Triple Historical Decarbonization Rates

    Kavya Balaraman, June 17, 2022 (Utility Dive)

    “…[New modeling found] California is not on track to meet its 2030 economy-wide decarbonization milestones based on its current policy commitments…[and projects] the state is on track to produce 307 million metric tons of emissions in 2030 – nearly 20% over target…[Electrifying energy demand in the state, especially in the context of the ongoing Russian war against Ukraine,] could reduce California’s exposure to volatile global oil markets…

    …[A California 2018 executive order targetd] carbon neutrality by 2045…[The state will need to more than triple its historical decarbonization rate] to fall below 260 MMT to meet the target in eight years…[The California Air Resources Board’s ongoing 2022 scoping plan process, developed in 2008 and updated at least every five years,] outlines the state’s approach to decarbonization…[Its draft 2022 update] focuses on the 2030 emissions reduction target as well as achieving carbon neutrality by 2045…[It has been met with criticism from some quarters, including environmentalists and climate experts, for, among other things, not being aggressive enough…

    …[There are] multiple near-term policy measures that California should prioritize…{it could require] all new cars and light-duty truck sales be zero-emission by 2030…[or] aim for 100% electrification of new appliances by 2030…[It could also] boost its clean energy standard to reach 76% renewables and 92% zero-emission electricity in 2030…[But for policy-makers to ensure that electricity remains affordable, it should avoid using] electricity rates to pay for roughly $38.9 billion in pending wildfire-related costs…” click here for more

    Monday, June 27, 2022

    Monday Study: Cyber Security For The U.S. Power System

    Architecting the Next Generation for OT Security

    December 2021 (Ponemon Institute via DNV)

    Executive Summary

    This is a time of change and challenges. It’s an era that is both transformative and disruptive, shaped by digital technologies that are improving billions of lives around the world, even as they make us vulnerable in ways we never anticipated.

    This digitalisation has been a fact of life for quite some time, but it is also becoming a factor in the operation of critical infrastructure and other industrial environments at an accelerating speed. At the same time, the Operational Technology (OT) systems that monitor and control industrial equipment, assets, processes and events in critical infrastructure are facing more and more threats from increasingly sophisticated malicious actors, including nation states.

    In this dynamic environment, it is important to understand the thoughts and concerns that drive organisations to take action to keep their OT domains safe, secure and resilient. Applied Risk has undertaken the research needed to gain that understanding and to take a forward-looking approach to crucial questions about how to architect the next generation of OT Security solutions.

    In this document, we present the results of that research, which is based on data collected from IT and OT security practitioners. We use these data to assess current trends in the OT Security space, paying special attention to people-, process-, and technology-related issues, and offer recommendations on responses to these trends. Additionally, we describe current conditions in the OT Security realm and offer insight into the OT Security trends that are likely to emerge over the next two to four years.

    This report was based on data compiled by the Ponemon Institute, which acted on Applied Risk’s behalf to survey 1,005 IT and OT security practitioners in the United States (597) and Europe (408).1 Respondents to the survey were asked to answer questions about how to architect the next generation of OT Security solutions. All respondents have responsibility for securing or overseeing cyber risks in the OT environment and understand how these risks impact the state of cyber security within their organisations. The research was then complemented by input from Applied Risk’s own engagements and assessments as well as analysis from our subject matter experts.

    The results of this survey indicate that there are three major factors at work – People, Processes, and Technology. Here’s how they play out in relation to

    Prevailing Practices

    People

    • Low OT Security headcount • Plans for hiring additional staff • Ownership of OT Security Leadership not adequately defined • Lack of dedicated OT Security teams

    Processes

    • Widespread adoption of OT-specific, risk-based standards • Legislation helps drive adoption of standards • Lack of incident response plans • Lack of clarity on third-party and supply-chain security practices

    Technology

    Convergence of IT/OT systems important and beneficial • Adoption of zero trust measures • Air gaps still in use • Use of advanced and enabling technologies still lagging behind • Interest in Security Operations Centres (SOCs) growing

    Current Conditions

    People

    • Rising number of sophisticated nationstate attacks • Lack of industry-wide governance models

    Processes

    • Continuity and compliance are key drivers of investments in OT Security • Gaps remain in risk reduction, incident response, asset identification • Top source of concern: access management

    Technology

    • OT networks lack technology that can maximise security • Systems are isolated and fragmented • Emerging technologies such as cloud computing are gaining attention

    Future Directions – Next 2 to 4 years

    People

    • Additional hires: OT Security headcount may double in 2-4 years • Making greater efforts to develop skill pool for OT Security

    Processes

    • Supply chain audits and introduction of vendor security requirements are likely to increase as supply chain attacks are expected to happen more often • IT/OT convergence should be part of the solution

    Technology

    • Adoption of advanced and enabling technologies will be crucial • Continued reliance on existing technologies • Security Operations Centres (SOCs) are likely to make an impact

    Architecting the Next Generation for OT Security

    Maximising safety and minimising unplanned outages are the top operational priorities for the organisations represented in this research. Reducing inefficiencies and minimising operating costs are also high priorities, as is the ability to maintain plant connectivity. Respondents see the convergence of IT and OT systems as one of the primary drivers toward meeting these organisational targets. At the same time, though, they note that attackers are focusing more and more on industrial environments and are quickly developing OT skills – and that this shift that has resulted in more sophisticated and clandestine attacks.

    The results of the survey indicate that companies are struggling to develop their OT Security maturity at a pace comparable to speed with which attackers are developing their own skill sets. Meanwhile, the OT landscape is becoming more complex due to IT/OT convergence and to the introduction of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices, virtualisation, and cloud computing in these environments. The overall sense of the respondents is that they need to do more to ensure that the business benefits of these new technological developments can be realised in a secure manner.

    More than half of the respondents believe that their cyber readiness is not at the right level yet and that they are not able to adequately minimise the risk of cyber exploits and breaches in the OT-environment. As such, it is clear that there is still work to be done in general and across the board.

    The respondents are aware that they need to upskill their staff and that of their service providers and that they need better procedures. But above all, they understand that they will need enabling technologies to accelerate OT Security maturity. In summary, a combination of people-, process-, and technology-centric controls will remain key…

    Recommendations

    New challenges will require a radical shift in reviewing security strategies and proposing sustainable long term solutions. Moreover, technological developments such as IT-OT convergence and cloud computing have increased the need for enabling OT Security technologies that can help organisations become more secure. As such, Applied Risk recommends that the following actions be taken to help architect the next generation of OT Security.

    • IT/OT convergence keeps OT Security decision makers awake at night, but it could also become part of the solution to safeguard the OT domain in the changing environment. Converged IT/OT networks can be secured and monitored by collecting data across systems used to identify potential cyber security threats. ***For example, IIoT sensors are seen as an extra burden on the security team, as they are yet another thing to patch. However, data from IIoT devices could be leveraged to detect intruders into OT systems, turning this non-security-driven investment into a security win.

    • To achieve IT/OT convergence and at the same time mitigate cyber security risks, organisations should consider creating cross-functional IT and OT security teams to avoid conflicts created by turf wars or silo issues that could be an obstacle to successful convergence. Establishing a good governance model is key.

    • Zero trust is an important concept within the future of OT Security. This concept hinges on the belief that organisations should not automatically trust anything inside or outside their perimeters and instead must verify anything and everything trying to connect to its systems before granting access. It also assumes that the OT domain must be monitored continuously for anomalies and suspicious behaviors.

    • This makes concepts like Identity and Access Management (IAM) and Privileged Access Management (PAM) even more important. Access management is most often used to prevent security compromises and is seen as a priority. Fully 65% of respondents say they use two-factor authentication for all privileged services, while 57% say their organisations are developing secure password policies and enforcing them across both IT and OT domains.

    • The majority of respondents say the lack of enabling technologies makes it painful to reduce cyber security risks in the OT environment and to keep up with attackers. Although it remains important to meet basics requirements (patching, anti-virus scans, management of changes, etc.), enabling technologies such as automation, machine learning, orchestration, and AI will be needed for rapid detection and response to security exploits and data breaches.

    • More effort will be needed to develop the OT Security skill pool. There is a growing demand for professionals with OT Security skills. These do not all need to be OT Security specialists, but OT Security needs to be embedded in the profiles of managers, engineers, operators, procurement specialists, and others. Workforce development will be one of the most important means of achieving this goal.

    • In order to respond quickly and effectively to security compromises and data breaches in the OT environment, organisations should have incident response plans that are dedicated to OT cyber security. A strong incident response capability requires a comprehensive response plan that is regularly tested. A response plan greatly reduces the cost of cyber incidents, as it is the key to swift response and sure-footed remediation.

    • Supplier assurance is key. Many companies rely on third parties to manage large numbers of (or even all of) the applications, systems and networks in the OT domain. Regular reviews of third parties in the supply chain should be conducted.

    • Risk assessments are critical. Organisations should conduct risk assessments on a regular basis to understand the vulnerabilities and risk in their OT environments. They should then analyse and act on the results of these assessments to improve their cyber readiness and to identify the resources necessary to address these risks, as part of continuous improvement processes…

    Saturday, June 25, 2022

    The Most Under-Appreciated, Overlooked New Energy

    It fights the climate crisis and comes with an amazing array of extra benefits, from money savings to healthier air.From State of Green via YouTube

    Stress On The U.S. Power System

    It’s climate crisis-driven extreme weather, skyrocketing demand, and aging infrastructure, and the only solution is investing in renovation.From CBS News via YouTube

    The Ocean’s Unseen Climate Crisis Fight

    Deep in the ocean, life in “the twilight zone” is moving on carbon.From SciShow via YouTube

    Friday, June 24, 2022

    Global New Energy Demand To Meet, Old Energy Subsidies To Beat

    Climate crisis: Fossil fuels still dominate, renewables growth too slow; Despite government promises of a green COVID recovery, a new report says the world missed a "historic chance" to boost clean energy.

    Martin Kuebler, 15 June 2022 (DW)

    “Even with record growth in renewable energy last year, fossil fuels continue to dominate the world's energy use, with the overall share in global energy consumption rising just under eight percentage points over the last decade…[Despite increased investment, New Energy,] which provided around 20% of the world's energy needs in 2011, accounted for just over 28% in 2021…[According to the June 2022 REN 21 report, the] gains made in 2021 were overshadowed by an estimated 4% rise in energy consumption as the world slowly started to bounce back from COVID lockdowns…

    The result is that carbon dioxide emissions tied to energy soared last year to a record 36.3 billion metric tons — up 6% to their highest level ever…The report did have some good news…[Around $366 billion (€350 billion) was invested in the renewable energy sector in 2021,] rising for the fourth consecutive year. And for the first time, more than 10% of the world's electricity was provided by solar and wind power…

    But those investments paled in comparison to fossil fuel subsidies, which amounted to $18 trillion between 2018 and 2020 — $5.9 trillion in 2020 alone…[and] only 84 countries had economy-wide renewable energy targets, and only 36 for 100% renewables…[Because of Russia's ongoing invasion of Ukraine,] the European Union agreed earlier this month to ban around 90% of Russian exports of crude and oil products into the bloc over the next eight months…[But certain countries, like Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic,] said they could not entirely stop imports…” click here for more

    Global Energy Efficiency Push Gains Momentum

    Global energy body backs 2030 heat and buildings efficiency push

    Neil Merrett, 21 June 2022 (H&V News)

    “…Energy efficiency improvements in buildings and prioritising heat pumps over fossil fuel systems should be among the main priorities for global decarbonisation, says the International Energy Agency (IEA)…[G]lobal commitments to ramp up use of more efficient technologies and materials over this decade could significantly reduce carbon emissions…[and] could be delivered without compromising economic growth by focusing on moving to high efficiency solutions with regards to buildings, transportation and industry…

    …[A joint IEA member statement affirmed the significant environmental, economic and social benefits of early action on energy efficiency over the next decade…[Ramping up efficiency measures in line with the IEA Net Zero Emissions by 2050 Scenario (NZE) would double global energy intensity] from 2020 and 2030 to four per cent from the two per cent recorded between 2010—2020. Energy intensity rates are based on measuring energy use per unit of GDP…[That would make the global economy] one third more energy efficient by the end of the current decade…[and address] a range of pressing global challenges by ensuring a more secure, sustainable and affordable supply of power… click here for more

    Wednesday, June 22, 2022

    ORIGINAL REPORTING: V2G In The Marketplace Makes EVs A Power Source

    Vehicle-to-Grid is Not a Science Project

    Herman K. Trabish, March 21, 2022 (California Current)

    Editor’s note: New pilot projects are bringing the stored energy in EV batteries into power markets, enhancing reliable electricity delivery.

    California added over 250,000 electric vehicles last year, reaching more than one million, according to the California Energy Commission. Current gasoline price spikes suggest that growth will accelerate EV purchases even more, but the increased electricity demand is expected to tax the power system, particularly if charging is not done at optimal times.

    In response, California utilities are working on electric vehicle to home pilots that explore using the vehicles’ battery storage to power customers’ homes during outages, as Current recently reported. Pacific Gas & Electric and GM are working on a pilot over the next year at a utility facility and then at a customer’s home to test bidirectional chargers’ V2H capabilities. Concurrently, five PG&E-powered homes will test the potential of bidirectional charging with Ford’s F150 Lightning, the first light-duty truck in the market with that capability, PG&E Spokesperson Ari Vanrenen said. It will include management of the F-150 battery through Sunrun-provided home energy management systems, Ford Motor Company, Energy Services Business Lead, Ryan O’Gorman told Current.

    But the big prize is expected to be vehicle to grid (V2G) technologies emerging to support California’s 2035 all zero-emission new vehicle sales goal and its grid reliability ambitions, transportation electrification sector representatives and analysts told Current.

    People have been talking about V2G for 20 years, but implementation is only accelerating now, said Nuvve Vice President of Policy Jacqueline Piero. V2G is ahead of the PG&E pilots’ more narrowly focused vehicles to homes. That is because V2G interconnection rules are in place, safety standards are developed, and policies supporting compensation are coming soon, she added.

    V2G “is not a science project anymore,” agreed Vehicle Grid Integration Council (VGIC) Senior Policy Director Edward Burgess. Many other major automakers besides Ford and GM, including VW, Lucid, and Hyundai, are working on the technology. California, New York, and Massachusetts are working on policy to support and compensate it, he added. Bidirectional charging technologies that enable vehicle to home and V2G are the way of the future because of the “huge opportunity” for customers, utilities, electric systems, and automakers, PG&E’s Vanrenen said.

    There is value for all customers when a bidirectional charger converts AC electricity stored in an EV battery and sends it to a building as backup power or to the power system to smooth demand peaks, a November 2021 Smart Electric Power Alliance report confirmed. To scale V2G, “technical standards that govern the integration of V2G-enabled EVs” need to be incorporated into state interconnection rules, a January Interstate Renewable Energy Council report said. No single standard will cover all V2G interactions, but national standards by UL, IEEE, and others have established guidance for “safe and reliable” V2G performance, the report said… click here for more

    EV Market Prices Move Toward Affordable

    EVs heading into price ranges fit for mass adoption

    Saul Elbein, June 7, 2022 (The Hill)

    “Electric vehicles (EVs) are falling into the price range where experts say mass adoption can happen — and partially electrified hybrids are already there…But meeting the Biden administration’s decarbonization goals will require added support for new supply chains and sources of key materials, in addition to a coordinated approach to a national charging network, experts said…Lithium-ion battery prices are falling about 9 percent per year, and the cost of all cars is rising due to a combination of inflation, supply chain disruptions and the proliferation of new high-tech standard components such as backup cameras, blind spot sensors and lane assist…

    That means luxury and mid-range electric vehicles are already similar in price to their fossil fuel-powered counterparts…The average price of a new car was about $47,000 at the start of the year…[Prices are similar for many] new EVs…as lithium battery technology follows the pattern set by laptop computers, cellphones and flat-screen TVs: expensive luxury items that gradually filter down to the mainstream… [R]esearch shows that most customers are looking for vehicles in a crucial $30,000 to $50,000 sweet spot…

    The good news is that the Biden administration, numerous state governments and all the major carmakers are now spending big to modernize their battery technology, find new sources of critical materials and increase the scale of their production chains…One key roadblock to domestic production, however, is the limited domestic production of key battery minerals — a supply chain largely controlled by China…[That could be alleviated by proposed lithium] mining projects in California’s briny Salton Sea, where General Motors has invested millions…" click here for more

    Monday, June 20, 2022

    Monday Study – The World’s Climate Numbers Now

    State of the Global Climate 2021

    May 18 2022 (World Meteorological Organization)

    Key Messages

    The global mean temperature in 2021 was around 1.11 ± 0.13 °C above the 1850–1900 pre-industrial average. This is less warm than some recent years due to the influence of La Niña conditions at the start and end of the year. The most recent seven years, 2015 to 2021, were the seven warmest years on record.

    Global mean sea level reached a new record high in 2021, rising an average of 4.5 mm per year over the period 2013–2021.

    The Antarctic ozone hole reached a maximum area of 24.8 million km2 in 2021. This unusually deep and large ozone hole was driven by a strong and stable polar vortex and colder-than-average conditions in the lower stratosphere.

    Greenland experienced an exceptional mid-August melt event and the first-ever recorded rainfall at Summit Station, the highest point on the Greenland ice sheet at an altitude of 3 216 m.

    Exceptional heatwaves broke records across western North America and the Mediterranean. Death Valley, California reached 54.4 °C on 9 July, equalling a similar 2020 value as the highest recorded in the world since at least the 1930s, and Syracuse in Sicily reached 48.8 °C.

    Hurricane Ida was the most significant of the North Atlantic season, making landfall in Louisiana on 29 August, equalling the strongest landfall on record for the state, with economic losses in the United States estimated at US$ 75 billion.

    Deadly and costly flooding induced economic losses of US$ 17.7 billion in Henan province of China, and Western Europe experienced some of its most severe flooding on record in mid-July. This event was associated with economic losses in Germany exceeding US$ 20 billion.

    Drought affected many parts of the world, including areas in Canada, United States, Islamic Republic of Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan. In Canada, severe drought led to forecast wheat and canola crop production levels being 35%–40% below 2020 levels, while in the United States, the level of Lake Mead on the Colorado River fell in July to 47 m below full supply level, the lowest level on record.

    The compounded effects of conflict, extreme weather events and economic shocks, further exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, undermined decades of progress towards improving food security globally.

    Hydro-meteorological hazards continued to contribute to internal displacement. The countries with the highest numbers of displacements recorded as of October 2021 were China (more than 1.4 million), Viet Nam (more than 664 000) and the Philippines (more than 600 000)…

    Saturday, June 18, 2022

    A Few Words About Hope

    “To be truly radical is to make hope possible, rather than despair convincing." (Raymond Williams, 1989)From NationalSierraClub via YouTube

    New Energy Keeping Texas Powered

    As temperatures skyrocket, wind and solar are helping electricity stay even with denand in Texas.From KHOU 11 TV via YouTube

    A Water Pipeline For The West

    This one is from the Pacific Ocean to the Great Salt Lake but get ready to hear more water pipeline proposals as some states flood and some face drought.From Fox 13 News Utah via YouTube