NewEnergyNews: 06/01/2019 - 07/01/2019

NewEnergyNews

Gleanings from the web and the world, condensed for convenience, illustrated for enlightenment, arranged for impact...

While the OFFICE of President remains in highest regard at NewEnergyNews, this administration's position on climate change makes it impossible to regard THIS president with respect. Below is the NewEnergyNews theme song until 2020.

The challenge now: To make every day Earth Day.

YESTERDAY

  • Weekend Video: Be Brave – Seize New Energy
  • Weekend Video: The Climate Crisis Is A Health Crisis
  • Weekend Video: A Major Utility Chooses New Energy
  • THE DAY BEFORE

  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-BP Finds Emissions Up, Calls For More New Energy
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Perspectives On New Energy
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-New Energy Jobs Spreading Around The World
  • THE DAY BEFORE THE DAY BEFORE

    THINGS-TO-THINK-ABOUT THURSDAY, June 13:

  • TTTA Thursday-The Birth Strike To Stop The Climate Crisis
  • TTTA Thursday-Wind Takes New Energy Lead Over Hydro
  • TTTA Thursday-Research Reveals New Potential For Solar
  • THE DAY BEFORE THAT

  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Keystone State’s key to the next wave of transportation electrification
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: Tri-State members increasingly unsatisfied as New Energy prices beat the G&T’s model
  • THE LAST DAY UP HERE

  • TODAY’S STUDY: The Need To Get A Handle On EV Charging
  • QUICK NEWS, June 11: The Climate Crisis Is A Health Crisis; Electric Vehicle Sales Rise Steadily
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    Founding Editor Herman K. Trabish

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    Some details about NewEnergyNews and the man behind the curtain: Herman K. Trabish, Agua Dulce, CA., Doctor with my hands, Writer with my head, Student of New Energy and Human Experience with my heart

    email: herman@NewEnergyNews.net

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      A tip of the NewEnergyNews cap to Phillip Garcia for crucial assistance in the design implementation of this site. Thanks, Phillip.

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    Pay a visit to the HARRY BOYKOFF page at Basketball Reference, sponsored by NewEnergyNews and Oil In Their Blood.

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  • TODAY AT NewEnergyNews, June 17:

  • TODAY’S STUDY: Planning For A Distributed Grid
  • QUICK NEWS, June 17: Dems Evolving A Serious Climate Crisis Plan; Offshore Wind Needs Local Support

    Monday, June 17, 2019

    TODAY’S STUDY: Planning For A Distributed Grid

    Evolving Approaches to Electricity System Planning

    Lisa Schwartz and Natalie Mims Frick, March 14, 2019 (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)

    In This Presentation

    • Evolving planning research and technical assistance for states

    • Electric grid planning activities

    • Distributed energy resources, distribution system planning and integration with other processes

    • Integrated resource planning and distributed energy resources

    • Resources for more information…

    Electric grid planning activities

    • Distribution planning  Assess needed physical and operational changes to local grid

    • Integrated resource planning (in vertically integrated states)  Identify future investments to meet bulk power system reliability and public policy objectives at reasonable cost

    • Transmission planning  Identify future transmission expansion needs and options for meeting those needs

    • Demand-side management (DSM) planning  Identify opportunities to use energy efficiency and demand response to meet future energy and capacity needs

    Integrated distribution planning

    • Assesses physical and operational changes to the distribution system necessary to enable safe, reliable, and affordable service that satisfies customers’ changing expectations and use of DERs, generally in coordination with resource and transmission planning

    • Includes stakeholder - informed planning scenarios to support a reliable, efficient, and robust grid in a changing and uncertain future…

    Drivers for improved distribution planning

    More DERs — cost reductions, policies, new business models, consumer interest

    Resilience and reliability

    Aging grid infrastructure and utility proposals for grid investments

    Need for greater grid flexibility in areas with high levels of wind and solar

    Interest in conservation voltage reduction and volt/VAR optimization

    Non-wires alternatives may provide net benefits to customers

    Utility investments: Distribution 29% ($35.7B) of 2017 EEI member investments (*http://www.eei.org/resourcesandmedia/industrydataanalysis/industryfinancialanalysis /QtrlyFinancialUpdates/Documents/EEI_Industry_Capex_Functional_2018.07.17.pptx)

    State benefits from improved distribution planning

    • Makes transparent utility plans for distribution system investments before showing up individually in rider or rate case

    • Provides opportunities for meaningful PUC and stakeholder engagement  Can improve outcomes

    • Considers uncertainties under a range of possible futures

    • Considers all solutions for least cost/risk

    • Motivates utility to choose least cost/risk solutions

    • Enables consumers and service providers to propose grid solutions and participate in providing grid services

    Emerging distribution planning element

    • Projecting loads and DERs in a more granular way

    • Analyzing hosting capacity — amount of DERs that can be interconnected without adversely impacting power quality or reliability under existing control and protection systems and without infrastructure upgrades

    • Assessing locational value of DERs

    • Analyzing non-wires alternatives to traditional investments  Investments in energy efficiency, demand response, distributed generation and storage that provide specific services at specific locations to defer, mitigate or eliminate need for traditional distribution infrastructure

    • Increasing visibility into distribution system

    • Better representing distribution system in models for planning and operations

    • Engaging stakeholders

    Examples: States advancing distribution system planning

    • Requirements for utilities to file distribution system or grid modernization plans (CA, HI, IN, MA, MD, MI, MN, NV, NY)  Integrated distribution planning is nascent.

    • Consideration of cost-effective non-wires alternatives (CA, HI, MI, MN, NV, NY, RI)

    • Requirements for hosting capacity analysis (CA, HI, IL, MN, NV, NY)

    • Locational net benefits analysis for DERs (CA, HI, NV, NY)

    • Storm hardening, undergrounding (MD, FL)

    • Requirements for utilities to report on poor-performing circuits and improvement plans (many states)…

    DERs in integrated resource planning

    • Some regulators explicitly require utilities to consider at least one type of DER in IRP or other long-term planning. For example:

     Washington requires utilities to use identified DERs as inputs to IRP.

     Oregon electric companies must evaluate DERs on a par with supply-side resources in IRPs and consider, and quantify where possible, additional benefits (Order 07-002). The PUC’s order on Portland General Electric’s 2016 IRP required the utility to “work with Staff and other parties to advance distributed energy resource forecasting and distributed energy resource representation in the IRP process.” PUC staff’s February 2019 white paper proposes a holistic, robust structure for distribution planning, including planning for DERs.

     New Orleans requires Entergy New Orleans to consider storage and other DERs as potential supply-side resources in IRP.

     New Mexico requires energy storage to be considered with other resource options in IRP.

     Massachusetts issued an order that clarified the objective of including DERs to “facilitate the interconnection of distributed energy resources and to integrate these resources into the Companies’ planning and operations processes.”

     California, Georgia, Iowa, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico and Oregon require consideration of combined heat and power in IRP

    DER data resolution varies depending on purpose - Efficiency example

    • Cost-benefit analysis in energy efficiency planning  Hourly time-varying demand and energy value  Hourly time-varying economic value

    • Distribution system planning  Sub-hourly time-varying energy, demand and economic value for specific levels of the system — e.g., distribution substation or a specific distribution feeder or line section 16

    • Resource planning  Depends on approach used to incorporate energy efficiency into planning process  Load decrement – seasonal or on- and off-peak time-varying demand or energy value of efficiency

     Input to the resource planning optimization model – efficiency is treated like other resources

     Various efficiency measures are grouped by price

     Energy efficiency shape of each bundle is available for model to choose Source (also for next few slides): Mims Frick and Schwartz (forthcoming), Using Time-Varying Value of Efficiency for Planning and Programs in the Electricity Sector

    Accounting for DERs in IRP – Efficiency example

    • Energy efficiency is generally addressed in one of two ways:

    Assumed amount of energy efficiency savings subtracted from load forecast

     The utility may identify the amount of savings through an energy efficiency potential assessment, preset standard or target, or another planning exercise.

     If the utility chooses to use a preset standard or target, it also may consider scenarios with higher amounts of efficiency.

    Resource option selected by an optimization model

     Capacity expansion models simulate economic dispatch of existing and potential future power systems to allow efficiency to compete directly with other resource options

     Use reliability criteria and economic decision rules (“optimization logic”) to determine type, amount, and schedule for new resource development to meet forecasted future need for energy and capacity

     Can also determine whether retirements of existing resources (or power purchase contracts) would be economic…

    QUICK NEWS, June 17: Dems Evolving A Serious Climate Crisis Plan; Offshore Wind Needs Local Support

    Dems Evolving A Serious Climate Crisis Plan Democrats are seriously tackling the climate crisis: No more half-measures or neoliberal compromises; At least seven 2020 candidates have serious climate plans — and they're not bowing to fossil-fuel interests

    Carl Pope, June 16, 2019 (Salon)

    “…[Current (perceived) Democratic presidential frontrunners Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders, along with Elizabeth Warren, Beto O’Rourke, Jay Inslee, John Hickenlooper and John Delaney] have offered detailed plans for confronting the climate crisis…Kamala Harris, Cory Booker and Kirsten Gillibrand have sponsored the Green New Deal resolution but have not yet released individual policies…[None] harken back to Barack Obama’s ‘all of the above’ genuflection to the enduring political power of fossil fuels…[or to] Hillary Clinton’s [ambitious but narrow] 2016 proposals, which focused almost entirely on renewable power…They eschew the carbon-pricing emphasis of many Beltway economists and policy mavens. And they avoid the austerity frame that climate deniers have for so long used to dampen public support for clean energy…[They are far broader — and more economically and politically sophisticated…[and include] 1. Climate science and ambitious decarbonization goals are in…2. Climate sacrifice and austerity are out…3. Investment, not carbon pricing, is the new silver bullet…

    4. Standards and regulation are back…5. It’s not just electricity — economy-wide approaches are embraced…Finally, research gets respect…The right wing and the carbon lobby seem to be teeing up their usual [economic] attack on climate advocacy…[But] while swing voters may not prioritize climate, they love clean energy and they want more investment in America — and that’s what Democrats are offering…In many ways, the Democratic field is following the pathway blazed by California under the governorships of Arnold Schwarzenegger and Jerry Brown. Let the public and the legislature set broad and ambitious climate goals. Then pragmatically deploy administrative rules and incentives to test and perfect pathways toward a clean energy economy. As that economy grows in strength, it will challenge and defeat the stranglehold that fossil fuel interests have held…and create the politics for a more ambitious next round…” click here for more

    Offshore Wind Needs Local Support New Report Argues U.S. Coastal States Must Cooperate, As Well As Compete, For a Global Offshore Wind Industry to Benefit All Americans

    June 14, 2019 (Business Network for Offshore Wind)

    “…[U.S. states on both coasts must] cooperate on several, important fronts to develop a winning [offshore wind] industry for the country…[Most important are] problems associated with grids and transmission lines needed to deliver ocean power to homes. Other challenges include uncertainty within the supply chain for the U.S. offshore wind industry, cost controls for ratepayers, and the limitation of certain U.S. resources, such as ports [according to a new report from an industry advocacy group. The] U.S. is on track to create an offshore wind energy marketplace exceeding 10 gigawatts by 2030...

    …[The report argues states must] cooperate to minimize public costs, share resources and globalize what the U.S. has to offer…[and] lays out a plan…During the next two decades, East Coast states and California will have over two-dozen offshore wind farms under development in various stages. Despite these ambitious plans, Europe has been way ahead of the U.S. for a much longer time. Today the U.S. has only one functioning offshore wind turbine, compared to Europe’s 4,543 grid-connected offshore wind turbines across 11 countries…” click here for more

    Saturday, June 15, 2019

    Be Brave – Seize New Energy

    This major corporate conversion to New Energy comes with a powerful message. From Budweiser via YouTube

    The Climate Crisis Is A Health Crisis

    Burning fossil fuels emits more than climate-altering chemicals. It also emits life-threatening chemicals. From Climate Reality via YouTube

    A Major Utility Chooses New Energy

    Utilities measure carefully before cutting fossil fuels and they are clear that New Energy is cheaper, reliable, and what customers want. From greenmanbucket via YouTube

    Friday, June 14, 2019

    BP Finds Emissions Up, Calls For More New Energy

    'Unsustainable path': Energy emissions rise at fastest rate in seven years

    Madeleine Cuff, 13 June 2019 (BusinessGreen)

    “…[Oil giant BP’s annual report] calculates carbon emissions grew by two per cent in 2018, the fastest rate of growth since 2011…[T]he uptick was largely driven by extreme weather pushing up demand for heating and cooling…An ‘unusually large number’ of hot and cold days pushed up demand [more than 5%] for natural gas…Global coal consumption also rose 1.4 per cent…[Even if these weather effects are short-lived, the world is on an unsustainable path, BP concluded. The] longer carbon emissions continue to rise, the harder and more costly will be the eventual adjustment to net zero carbon emissions…The stark warning came despite near-record rates of new renewables deployment, with renewable energy sources the largest source of new electricity generation worldwide for the third year in a row.

    China was once again the largest contributor to renewables' growth, with new generation in the country outstripping the entire OECD…[The US had] the largest-ever annual production increases by any country for both oil and natural gas…The figures provide a bleak contrast to rising public concern over climate change…BP and the wider oil industry have faced fierce criticism for investing a relatively small proportion of their capital expenditure in clean technologies and lobbying against more ambitious climate policies…[but a number of oil majors, including BP, have recently responded to investor pressure with] new emissions targets and stepped up their interests in low carbon infrastructure such as renewables, CCS, and electric vehicle charging…” click here for more

    Perspectives On New Energy

    Views differ on renewable energy futures

    Dave Elliott, 29 May 2019 (Physics World)

    “…BP’s annual Energy Outlook has renewable energy making only a small primary energy contribution…[But] IRENA, the International Renewable Energy Agency, looks to renewables supplying around 60% of total primary global energy by 2050…Views clearly differ… [IRENA argues an] energy transformation driven by renewables could bring changes…[and] a democratization of energy. However, that transition won’t be automatic — there may also be conflicts over access to renewable resources, since they too are not distributed equally around the world…

    [One 100% renewables study showed that] beyond 2040, PV will generate more than half of global electricity demand, and almost 70% in 2050…The transition will require a capex of around €22.5 trillion…[and] 22 TW of PV will generate nearly 70% of all electricity, and 3.2 TW of wind nearly 18%....[A Utrecht University 100% renewables study of seven scenarios for the European power system in 2050 found] it could operate with the same level of system adequacy as today when relying on European resources alone, even in the most challenging weather year observed in the period from 1979 to 2015…[The total cost of an optimized] 100% renewable power system (∼€530 bn p.a.) would be approximately 30% higher than a power system which includes other low-carbon technologies such as nuclear, or carbon capture and storage (∼€410 bn p.a.)…” click here for more

    New Energy Jobs Spreading Around The World

    Global renewable energy jobs hit record 11 million; Increase comes as employment in new markets helps compensate for slower growth in traditional heartlands

    Andrew Lee, 13 June 2019 (ReCharge)

    “Renewable energy jobs hit a record 11 million globally last year as employment growth in countries such as Malaysia and Vietnam compensated for slower expansion in traditional clean energy powerhouses like China and the EU…[International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) data shows, the] 2018 global renewables jobs total – up from 10.3 million in 2017 – remains dominated by solar PV, which accounted for one third of all posts with 3.6 million employed…

    [Wind power’s 1.2 million jobs were] the fourth-largest] after liquid biofuels and hydropower…[but offshore wind has the potential] to create new employment in sectors reliant on oil and gas…Asia was the largest region for employment, with a 60% share. The growth of solar jobs in markets such as India and Southeast Asia helped offset more sluggish growth in established renewables markets…That reflects a changing and widening supply chain…” click here for more

    Thursday, June 13, 2019

    The Birth Strike To Stop The Climate Crisis

    'Birth Strikers' Pledge Not To Have Kids Because Of 'Climate Crisis'

    Emily Zanotti, June 9, 2019 (The Daily Wire)

    “A group of people who call themselves "birth strikers" are [protesting the climate crisis and environmental devastation by] pledging not to have children in order to save the Earth…BirthStrike appears to be a small group -- no more than 330 people so far -- but the group's members say the trend is growing, and that at least 80% of their membership is female…[One member said the purpose] is to prevent [or protect a future generation from] an ‘ecological Armageddon’ by voluntarily reducing the global population…[They] have decided they can't bring children into a world where scientists predict climate change will bring bigger wildfires, more droughts, and food shortages for millions of people…

    Others claim it's ‘unfair’ to bring children into a world where they may have to adapt to a changing environment…[The most recent United Nations climate study suggests] humanity has only a little more than a decade to address the issue, and bringing children into the world would contribute to, rather than alleviate, the problem…[Another group called Voluntary Human Extinction is] made up of activists who are choosing not to have children…” click here for more

    Wind Takes New Energy Lead Over Hydro

    Utility-scale wind becoming top renewable energy resource this year, EIA says

    Rod Walton, June 11, 2019 (Power Engineering)

    “The annual power generation production from wind energy will surpass hydropower and become the top U.S. utility-scale clean energy resource for the first time ever this year, [according to the newest U.S. Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook]…. U.S. electricity generation from wind totaled close to one million MWh in April, a new record…Hydropower currently accounts for a 7 percent share of total generation and should maintain that over the next two years…Wind, however, is closing in on that share and growing, while the forecast predicts that all renewable fuels—including wind, hydro and solar—will produce 18 percent of the U.S. generation mix this year and almost 20 percent in 2020…

    …[Wind is forecast to provide] 46 percent of the expected 23.7 GW in new electricity capacity added in the U.S. this year. Part of the increase could be attributable to tax benefits, since companies which want to take the full 2016 value of the federal Production Tax Credit must start construction by 2020…[G]as-fired generation is solidifying its hold atop the U.S. electricity generation mix. Utility-scale electricity generation from gas-fired power plants totaled 35 percent last year and should reach 38 percent by 2020…Coal is likely to fall from its 27 percent share in 2018 to 24 percent this year and 23 percent a year later…Nuclear energy is expected to hold a 20-percent share of the U.S. mix this year and drop to 19 percent in 2020…” click here for more

    Research Reveals New Potential For Solar

    After 40 Years of Searching, Scientists Identify The Key Flaw in Solar Panel Efficiency David Nield, 8 June 2019 (ScienceAlert)

    “…[S]cientists just solved a 40-year-old mystery around one of the key obstacles to increased [solar photovoltaic panel] efficiency…[A] material defect in silicon used to produce solar cells that has previously gone undetected…could be responsible for the 2 percent efficiency drop that solar cells can see in the first hours of use…Multiplied by the increasing number of panels installed at solar farms around the world, [Light Induced Degradation (LID)] equals a significant cost in gigawatts that non-renewable energy sources have to make up for…[T]he estimated loss in efficiency worldwide from LID is estimated to equate to more energy than can be generated by the UK's 15 nuclear power plants…The new discovery could help scientists make up some of that shortfall…

    To find what 270 research papers across four decades had previously been unable to determine, the latest study used an electrical and optical technique called deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS)…[It found that as] the electronic charge in the solar cells gets transformed into sunlight, the flow of electrons gets trapped; in turn, that reduces the level of electrical power that can be produced…This defect lies dormant until the solar panel gets heated…[H]eating the material in the dark, a process often used to remove traps from silicon, seems to reverse the degradation…The work to push solar panel efficiency rates higher continues, with breakthroughs continuing to happen in the lab, and nature offering up plenty of efficiency tips…” click here for more

    Wednesday, June 12, 2019

    ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Keystone State’s key to the next wave of transportation electrification

    The Keystone State may have found the key to the next wave of transportation electrification; Pennsylvania's combination of guiding principles, legislation and collaboration among a broad array of stakeholders may show how to move the EV market into its next phase of development.

    Herman K. Trabish, Jan. 11, 2019 (Utility Dive)

    Editor’s note: Debate on the proposed legislation continues are Pennsylvania prepares to drive electric

    Pennsylvania's breakthrough collaboration of private sector, utility, legislative and regulatory leaders may be the template for a national transportation electrification program that can drive the next wave of market expansion. Supportive policies in California, New York and Washington have led to market-leading EV sales. But policymakers in states like Ohio, Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania are working on laws, regulations and guidance to drive the next stage of growth. Some say Pennsylvania has put together the right mix. Pennsylvania has already taken three big steps.

    The Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)-led Drive Electric coalition drafted an EV Roadmap. A November Public Utility Commission (PUC) ruling clarified private sector charger providers' rights to set their own prices. And ChargePoint, the global charging station leader, endorsed the utility-created six Guiding Principles from the Duquesne Light Company proposal to own and operate charging stations, laying groundwork for collaboration on House Bill (HB) 1446, which would accelerate electric vehicle (EV) adoption, charging station deployment and supporting policies in the state... click here for more

    ORIGINAL REPORTING: Tri-State members increasingly unsatisfied as New Energy prices beat the G&T’s model

    Tri-State members increasingly unsatisfied as the rise of distributed resources upends the G&T model; Given the increasing affordability of renewable energy, "the very reason G&Ts were created is less valid every day," Chris Riley, president of Guzman Energy, told Utility Dive.

    Herman K. Trabish, Jan. 15, 2019 (Utility Dive)

    Editor’s note: The economics of New Energy are becoming undeniable though Tri-State continues to avoid facing reality.

    A struggle over the future of the power sector is unfolding in the Mountain West as the supplier of generation to 43 electric cooperatives resists members' demands for a new resource mix. Tri-State Generation and Transmission (G&T) Association is the latest utility power supplier caught in the transformation of the power system economics. As 2018 announcements from Xcel Energy Colorado and PacifiCorp showed, buying and using new renewables now can cost less than running existing coal generation. Leading Tri-State members are demanding their supplier recognize this new reality.

    "This is a fight for how future electricity demand will be met and a part of the fundamental questioning of the traditional utility business model," Chris Riley, president of Guzman Energy, the new power supplier to New Mexico's Kit Carson Electric Cooperative (KCEC), a former Tri-State member, told Utility Dive. Guzman took over the power supply for KCEC in 2016, after the cooperative paid Tri-State $37 million to exit its contract. Since then, Guzman's mix of renewables and market-purchased power has kept KCEC on track to resolve that $37 million deficit by the early 2020s and deliver an estimated 40% rate decrease. This validates new power system economics described in the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) reports a new power supply could save hundreds of millions dollars over the next decade for customers of Tri-State member co-ops. The report reinforced recent analyses by Xcel Energy and PacifiCorp and has has led to increased doubt among Tri-State members… click here for more

    NO QUICK NEWS

    Tuesday, June 11, 2019

    TODAY’S STUDY: The Need To Get A Handle On EV Charging

    A Comprehensive Guide to Electric Vehicle Managed Charging

    Erika H, Myers, May 2019 (Smart Electric Power Alliance)

    Executive Summary

    With estimates of more than 20 million electric vehicles (EVs) expected on the road in the U.S. by 2030, EVs represent the most significant new electric load since the rise of air conditioning in the 1950s. In an era of flat and declining electric usage, this is welcome news to electric utilities.

    But unlike the 1950s, when the cost of new generation was falling, the electric grid was a simpler construct, and environmental concerns from carbon emissions were negligible, today’s utility response to a dynamic new load is far more nuanced than a matter of matching supply to demand. EVs are considered one of the customer-driven and owned distributed energy resources (DERs) that are changing the nature of the utility business. While EVs are welcome as a new and perhaps historically significant end-use of electricity, they also present the potential for disruption.

    California is the nation’s largest early market for EVs. It is also the nation’s largest market for solar power and as a result is the home of the “duck curve”, the load shape that skews grid demand to an abrupt early evening peak after the sun sets. If customers in California plug in their EVs just as that peak is spiking, the demand will likely intensify the negative impacts on the grid. It is an example of the unwelcome side effects that can impact utilities everywhere as the EV market grows.

    One plausible antidote is the managed charging of EVs. It is in many ways a technology, customer, and business model challenge, which is the core focus of this report. But it is also a challenge and an opportunity for electric utilities to take a leadership position. Utilities can lead the development of innovative approaches that effectively integrates EVs into the grid, help further accelerate their adoption, and help to advance a 21st century clean, smart, and affordable energy system. This must be done in concert with the expectations and acceptance of regulators, automotive companies, EV charging infrastructure manufacturers, information and communication technology providers—and of course, of utility customers.

    THE VALUE OF MANAGED CHARGING

    Managed charging can—and many would suggest, must— become a key part of a demand response portfolio. If the timing and intensity of charging vehicles can be effectively managed, the result will be a suite of benefits that touch every part of the electricity marketplace. EV owners will see savings ranging from lower cost of electricity to payments for the supply of ancillary services to the grid. Wholesale markets and transmission and distribution grid operators will have another tool to meet demand and improve efficiency. A significant amount of off-peak capacity will absorb excess renewable energy production, thereby reducing overall emissions. A more efficient and costeffective energy system will bring monetary benefits to all utility customers.

    OVERCOMING BARRIERS TO MANAGED CHARGING

    There is a long list of reasons why the smart management of EV charging makes sense. But turning the concepts of managed charging into mainstream practice depends upon advances on several fronts, such as developing an understanding of the value and market mechanisms, technology, standards and protocols, and established use cases. As with other elements of demand response and grid modernization, making improvements in network communication and equipment interoperability is key to the success of managed charging.

    Some managed charging is currently, and will continue to be, achieved through a passive approach, generally relying upon customer behavior as a means of changing charging patterns. Customer behavior is generally influenced by time-of-use rates or other incentives for the vehicle owner to use an on-board vehicle computer or electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) timer to set charging at times that align with utility grid management goals. In active managed charging, the utility (or a market aggregator working with charging networks) can determine and/or control charging time, scale, and location in order to achieve a variety of outcomes, such as managing peaks, absorbing excess renewable generation or supplying some ancillary services to a structured market.

    Active managed charging in particular relies upon a reliable two-way flow of information through a variety of communications technologies (such as Wi-Fi, cellular and telematics) from the vehicle and EVSE to the utility or aggregator. While there are protocols for the transport of the information, as well as protocols for the messaging (the instructions for the required actions), there are no industry-wide standards for the entire “ecosystem” of information exchange and communication, which is an obstacle the industry is currently working to solve. For managed charging to work at scale, different devices, whether in the vehicle or within the charging infrastructure, must be able to communicate freely, without disruption from closed or proprietary protocols. In addition, to achieve widespread adoption and align with consumer preferences, managed charging programs will need to 4 Using Level 1 to Level 2 charging stations; DCFC load would be higher. 5 Electric Drive Transportation Association, April 2019, https://electricdrive.org/index.php?ht=d/sp/i/20952/pid/20952 6 Assumes 3,858 kWh per EV per year based on data from the U.S. Department of Energy Alternative Fuels Data Center. Assumes all vehicles sold since 2010 are still operating in the U.S. understand and support various consumer preferences for specific charging solutions while providing utilities an efficient means of interacting with a variety of devices and associated networks.

    An essential part of current managed charging pilot projects involves testing network communication interfaces to ensure that the information is delivered across a range of devices and expected results are achieved.

    In general, the broad deployment of managed charging will depend upon establishing the reliability of hardware, software and communication systems, finding ways to generate benefits and lower costs, and delivering results that yield a sufficient economic return on the investment.

    THE ROLE FOR UTILITIES IN ADVANCING GRID-FRIENDLY EV ADOPTION

    Electric utilities have a significant role to play in improving the integration of EVs with the grid. First, utilities are supporting EV charging infrastructure deployment through direct procurement, providing rebates or other incentives to encourage customer and third-party investments, and by requiring open protocols as a component of a utilitymanaged program. Second, utilities are contributing to the development of the standards for managed charging equipment, and they are supporting the evolution of software and other methods used to modulate charging rates or shift charging events in order to provide grid services.

    With a growing charging load that can be flexible and intelligent, EVs are part of the larger discussion around the evolution of the grid and the future of the electric utility industry. Most industry analysts treat EVs as a way to increase load in an era of flat or declining electricity sales. However, managed EV charging can also be a useful means to better align and balance a power supply that is increasingly diverse, decentralized, renewable and intermittent with flexible demand. By integrating more renewables and avoiding dispatch of peaker plants, managed charging can reduce emissions in the transportation and utility sectors and improve grid economics.

    SEPA’s A Comprehensive Guide to Electric Vehicle Managed Charging has six sections to help readers understand what managed charging is and how it could be beneficial, provides an overview of the current managed charging industry, outlines what utilities want from managed charging programs, defines how managed charging communication pathways can relay signals, and defines the current managed charging vendor landscape…

    QUICK NEWS, June 11: The Climate Crisis Is A Health Crisis; Electric Vehicle Sales Rise Steadily

    The Climate Crisis Is A Health Crisis Climate crisis seriously damaging human health, report finds; National academies say effects include spread of diseases and worse mental health

    Damion Carrington, 3 June 2019 (UK Guardian)

    “…Scorching heatwaves and floods [driven by the climate crisis] will claim more victims as extreme weather increases but there are serious indirect effects too, from spreading mosquito-borne diseases to worsening mental health [according to a report for the European Academies’ Science Advisory Council (Easac). It also found] great benefits from action to cut carbon emissions…Extreme weather such as heatwaves, floods and droughts have direct short-term impacts but also [have mental effects include post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, substance abuse and depression] in the longer term…

    The scientists were also concerned by the effect of extreme weather on food production, with studies showing a 5-25% cut in staple crop yields across the Mediterranean region in coming decades…[But] even small cuts in meat eating could lead to significant cuts in carbon emissions, as well as benefits to health…Global carbon emissions are still rising but scientists say rapid and deep cuts are needed to limit temperature rises to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels and avoid the worst impacts.” click here for more

    Electric Vehicle Sales Rise Steadily US Plug-In Electric Car Sales Charted: May 2019; During the first five months, some 110,886 plug-in electric cars were sold, and almost 42% of them were Tesla Model 3.

    Mark Kane, June 9, 2019 (Inside EVs)

    “Plug-in electric car sales in the U.S. increased in May, but not that much to be satisfied with the growth rate.

    …[Data] shows 28,386 sales (confirmed or estimated), which is a 16.8% increase compared to May 2018. Market share also improved from 1.5% year ago to 1.8% now. Close to 75% of total sales fall on all-electric cars.” click here for more

    Monday, June 10, 2019

    TODAY’S STUDY: Global Access To Electricity Growing Slowly

    2019 Tracking; The Energy Progress Report On The Sustainable Development Goal

    May 2019 (IEA-IRENA-UN-World Bank-World Health Organization)

    Executive Summary

    OVERALL MESSAGES

    According to the latest data, the world is making progress towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7), but will fall short of meeting the targets by 2030 at the current rate of ambition. The SDG Target 7.1 is to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services (7.1.1 focuses on the proportion of the population with access to electricity and 7.1.2, on the proportion relying primarily on clean fuels and technologies for cooking). Target 7.2 is to increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. Target 7.3 is to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.

    In recent years, pronounced progress in expanding access to electricity was made in several countries, notably India, Bangladesh, and Kenya. As a result, the global population without access to electricity decreased to about 840 million in 2017 from 1.2 billion in 2010 (figure ES1). Those still lacking access are increasingly concentrated in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Meanwhile, the population without access to clean cooking solutions totaled almost 3 billion in 2016 and was distributed across both Asia and Africa. The widespread use of polluting fuels and technologies for cooking continues to pose serious health and socioeconomic concerns.

    Renewable energy accounted for 17.5% of global total energy consumption in 2016. The use of renewables (i.e., sources of renewable energy) to generate electricity increased rapidly, but less headway was made in heat and transport. A substantial further increase of renewable energy is needed for energy systems to become affordable, reliable, sustainable, focusing on modern uses.

    Finally, with respect to energy efficiency, global primary energy intensity was 5.1 megajoules per U.S. dollar (MJ/USD) (2011 purchasing power parity) in 2016. Energy efficiency improvements have increased steadily in recent years, thanks to concerted policy efforts in major economies, including China. However, the global rate of improvement in primary energy intensity still lags behind SDG target 7.3, and estimates suggest that improvements slowed in 2017 and 2018.

    Additional effort will be essential in ensuring progress toward not only SDG 7 but also the broader Sustainable Development Agenda. In particular, SDG 7 and climate mitigation (SDG 13) are closely related and complementary. According to scenarios put forward by both the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), energy sector investment related to all SDG 7 targets will need to more than double in order to achieve these goals. Between 2018 and 2030, annual average investment will need to reach approximately $55 billion to expand energy access, about $700 billion to increase renewable energy, and $600 billion to improve energy efficiency.

    This report identifies best practices that have proven successful in recent years, as well as key approaches that policy makers may deploy in coming years. Recommendations applicable to all SDG 7 targets include recognizing the importance of political commitment and long-term energy planning, stepping up private financing, and supplying adequate incentives for the deployment of clean technology options. The following sections review progress in electricity access, access to clean cooking solutions, renewable energy, and energy efficiency.

    ELECTRICITY ACCESS

    Thanks to significant efforts across the developing world, the global electrification rate reached 89% in 2017 (from 83% in 2010), still leaving about 840 million people without access. The progress amounts to an average annual electrification rate of 0.8 percentage points, and newly gained access for more than 920 million people since 2010.

    The electrification trend began to accelerate in 2015. An additional 153 million people were electrified yearly between 2015 and 2017, at an annual rate of more than 1 percentage point. However, the momentum remained uneven across regions; difficult-to-reach populations, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, where many remain without access.

    Electrification efforts have been particularly successful in Central and Southern Asia, where 91% of the population had access to electricity in 2017 (figure ES2)1 . Access rates in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as Eastern and Southeastern Asia, climbed to 98% in 2017. Among the 20 countries with the largest populations lacking access to electricity, India, Bangladesh, Kenya, and Myanmar made the most significant progress since 2010.

    Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the largest access deficit: here, 573 million people—more than one in two—lack access to electricity. The region is also home to the 20 countries with the lowest electrification rates (figure ES3). Burundi, Chad, Malawi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Niger were the four countries with the lowest electrification rates in 2017.

    Progress in electrifying inner cities has been slow, and most informal settlements are still supplied through fragile distribution networks. The rural access rate of 79% in 2017 was lower than the urban access rate of 97%. To reach remote areas, off-grid solutions are essential; these include solar lighting systems, solar home systems, and—increasingly—mini-grids.

    SDG target 7.1 calls for universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services. Reliability and affordability remain challenging elements in many countries, even as the number of household connections increases. In 2017, one-third of access-deficit countries faced more than one weekly disruption in electricity supply that lasted over four minutes. A basic, subsistence level of electricity consumption (30 kilowatt-hours per month) was unaffordable for 40% of households in about half of these countries. Access also has a gender dimension. In key access-deficit countries analyzed under the World Bank’s Multi-Tier Framework for Energy, found significant variability in household access rates based on gender of head of household.

    If the rate of progress in expanding access to electricity remained at the same level as that between 2015 and 2017, universal access could be reached by 2030. However, connecting the last of the unserved populations may be more challenging than past electrification efforts, since many such populations live in remote locales or overburdened cities. A projected 650 million people are likely to remain without access to electricity in 2030, and 9 out of 10 such people will be in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Key strategies for closing this gap will include data-based decision-making and advanced policy-planning frameworks, private sector financing, versatile solutions that include decentralized renewables, and efforts to both extend rural electrification and cope with urban densification.

    ACCESS TO CLEAN COOKING SOLUTIONS

    The share of the global population with access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking increased from 57% [51, 62] in 2010 to 61% [54, 67] in 2017. However, because population growth is outpacing annual growth in access, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, the population without access to clean cooking remains just under 3 billion (figure ES4).

    Between 2010 and 2017, the percentage of the population relying on clean cooking solutions grew by an annual average of 0.5 percentage points [-0.5, 1.6]2 , though annual progress slowed in 2008. During this period, global improvements were driven by gains in the regions of Central and Southern Asia and Eastern and Southeastern Asia, which posted average annual increases of 1.2 and 0.9 percentage points, respectively. To reach universal clean cooking targets by 2030 and outpace population growth, the annual average increase in access must rise to 3 percentage points, from the rate of 0.5 percentage points observed between 2010 and 2017…

    RENEWABLE ENERGY

    In 2016, the share of renewables in total final energy consumption increased at the fastest rate since 2012 and reached almost 17.5%. Renewables are essential in the drive towards universal access to affordable, sustainable, reliable and modern energy, except for the traditional uses of biomass (e.g. for cooking) which is linked to significant negative health impacts. In 2016, the share of modern renewables (that is, excluding these traditional uses of bioenergy) in total energy consumption reached 10.2%, up from 8.6% in 2010, while the share of traditional uses of biomass declined to 7.3% from 7.9%.

    Of the three end uses of renewables—electricity, heat, and transport—the use of renewables grew fastest with respect to electricity (figure ES7), driven by the rapid expansion of wind and solar technologies.

    The share of renewables in electricity consumption increased by 1 percentage point to 24% in 2016. This was the fastest growth since 1990, more than double that of 2015. It was driven by three key developments: (i) drought recovery in Latin America and an associated increase in hydropower generation, (ii) China’s record-level wind capacity additions in 2015, which became fully operational in 2016, and (iii) rapid expansion of solar capacity in China and the United States. Hydropower remains the largest source of renewable electricity, accounting for 68% in 2016. It is followed by wind, bioenergy, solar, and geothermal.

    The share of renewables in heat remains the highest among the three end uses. That share surpassed 24% in 2016, an increase of 0.5% year on year. However, most of the share reflects traditional uses of biomass. Only 9% of heat was generated from modern renewables in 2016.

    The share of renewable energy in transport remains lowest: it increased by 0.1% year on year to reach 3.3% in 2016. Biofuels constitute the majority of renewable energy used for transport in the United States, Brazil, and the European Union. Electricity generated from renewable sources also grew, linked to rail and the rapid increase of electric vehicles.

    The top 20 energy-consuming countries in 2016 were responsible for three-quarters of global energy demand and two-thirds of global renewable energy consumption. In the six countries where consumption of renewables was above the global average, the trend was led by traditional uses of biomass (in India, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Pakistan), modern biomass (in Brazil), or hydropower (Canada).

    Strong policy support and the increasing cost-competitiveness of solar photovoltaic and wind technologies are projected to bolster the deployment of renewable electricity across all regions. However, according to long-term scenarios developed by both IEA and IRENA, global renewable energy consumption needs to accelerate substantially to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

    Despite remarkable progress over the past decade, renewables still face persistent financial, regulatory, and sometimes technological barriers. Policies have focused on renewable electricity so far, and fewer countries have implemented policies for renewables use for heating and transport. To foster an enabling environment, it is important that various policies work in tandem to integrate renewables into energy systems and directly support their deployment in all end uses. To ensure that the renewables-based energy transition is inclusive in all respects, gender considerations need to be mainstreamed in energy sector policies, education and training programmes, and private sector practices.

    ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    Rates of improvement in global primary energy intensity—defined as the percentage drop in global total primary energy supply per unit of gross domestic product—were more sustained in 2010-2016 (falling by more than 10%) than they had been in 1990-2010 (figure ES8). Global primary energy intensity was 5.1 MJ/USD (2011 US dollar at purchasing power parity) in 2016, a 2.5% improvement from 2015. Yet this lags behind the annual rate of improvement to 2030 targeted by SDG 7.3, which now exceeds 2.7% and it is estimated that further declines in the rate of improvement have been observed in 2017 and 2018, with the rate of improvement in 2018 falling to a mere 1.3%.

    To realize the significant cost savings to be gained from improved energy efficiency, more needs to be done. Concerted policy efforts, technology change, and changes in economic structure will contribute to improving global primary energy intensity. Recent progress has been more sustained than historical trends. In 2010-2016, the annual rate of primary energy intensity improvement accelerated in 16 of the world’s 20 economies with the greatest energy demand. China saw the most significant improvement, with India, Indonesia, Japan, and the United Kingdom also recording strong progress…

    QUICK NEWS, June 10: Bloomberg’s $500 Mil To Bring The End Of Carbon; New Energy Officially Passes Coal

    Bloomberg’s $500 Mil To Bring The End Of Carbon Joining Forces to Fight the Climate Crisis and Move Beyond Carbon; Earthjustice and Beyond Carbon are partnering to spur a transition to 100% clean energy in communities around the country, and the world.

    Abigail Dillen, June 7, 2019 (EarthJustice)

    “…[Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s Bloomberg Philanthropies has committed $500 million to Earthjustice’s Beyond Carbon work to] move the U.S. beyond carbon…From raging wildfires to record-breaking hurricanes, climate disasters are destroying lives, homes, and livelihoods. The window of time left to save our future is narrowing fast. Meanwhile, the Trump administration is choosing to champion dirty, expensive fossil fuels over the clean energy solutions that have emerged as an engine of sustainable prosperity…

    …[Earthjustice is] using the power of the law…[for] retiring coal plants, blocking a rush to burn more oil and gas, and tearing down roadblocks to clean energy…[and] winning these fights…Moving Beyond Carbon means building on the exciting progress that is already underway in our states, cities, and communities as we move towards zero-emissions and 100 percent clean energy…in our transportation, buildings, and manufacturing…” click here for more

    New Energy Officially Passes Coal FERC'S Latest "Infrastructure" Report Reveals U.S. Renewable Generating Capacity Has Now Surpassed Coal!

    Ken Bossong, June 10, 2019 (Sun Day)

    “…U.S. electrical generating capacity by renewable energy sources (i.e., biomass, geothermal, hydropower, solar, wind) has now - for the first time - surpassed that of coal…[Through April 30, 2019,] 18 ‘units’ of new wind capacity (1,545 MW) and 102 units of new solar capacity (1,473 MW) were added during the first four months of this year. Coupled with four units of new hydropower (29 MW), that was enough to push renewable energy's share of total available installed U.S. generating capacity up to 21.56%. By comparison, coal's share dropped to 21.55% (down from 23.04% a year ago)…

    [New Energy capacity is growing,] on average, a percentage point each year…The share of the nation's generating capacity provided by utility-scale solar alone has more than doubled during the past three years from 1.42% to 3.23%...[W]ind's share has increased from 6.43% to 8.25% and is now on track to surpass hydropower (8.41%) within the next few months…[B]y May 2022, proposed ‘high probability’ generation additions and retirements could result in a net increase in renewable energy capacity of 40,993 MW. By comparison, net capacity by nuclear, coal, oil, and natural gas combined could actually decline by 24 MW…” click here for more

    Saturday, June 08, 2019

    Mayor Pete, Jimmy Fallon Talk Politics And Climate

    The climate issue comes up at about 5 minutes but the whole interview is worth watching. From The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon via YouTube

    The Chernobyl Nightmare

    This is why nuclear is not clean. From HBO via YouTube

    A Boat Ride Through Rising Seas

    The barriers of denial are eroding. From greenmanbucket via YouTube

    Friday, June 07, 2019

    #FridaysForFuture Wins Top Human Rights Award

    For 'Challenging Us All to Confront the Realities of the Climate Crisis,' Greta Thunberg and Fridays for Future Movement Win Amnesty's Top Human Rights Award; "This is not my award, this is everyone's award. It is amazing to see the recognition we are getting and know that we are fighting for something that is having an impact," said Thunberg

    Jake Johnson, June 7, 2019 (Common Dreams)

    “For their role in sparking a global wave of marches, civil disobedience, and weekly school strikes aimed at pressuring the world's political leaders to act on the climate crisis, 16-year-old Swedish activist Greta Thunberg and the youth-led movement she inspired were honored Friday with Amnesty International's top human rights award…The Fridays for Future movement has its origins in Thunberg's lonely sit-down strike outside of the Swedish parliament building last August, when she skipped school to protest lawmakers' inaction in the face of the global climate emergency…

    Thunberg's determined and tireless activism has galvanized millions of young people around the world to walk out of class, take to the streets, and demand a rapid transition away from planet-destroying fossil fuels…Kumi Naidoo, secretary general of Amnesty International, said in a statement that the organization is ‘humbled and inspired by the determination with which youth activists across the world are challenging us all to confront the realities of the climate crisis.’…[N]early two million young people from 125 countries took part in Friday climate marches on May 24, and the global movement is expected to continue to grow…” click here for more

    New Roadmap Shows More New Energy Needed

    IRENA Revised Roadmap Calls for Increased Electrification, Renewable Energy Use to Reach Climate Goals

    Leila Mead, 6 June 2019 (International Institute for Sustainble Development)

    “…Increased renewable energy use and intensified electrification could help achieve climate goals by 2050, according to ‘Global Energy Transformation: A Roadmap to 2050’ from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)…[It] explains that while renewables already make up more than half of newly installed power-generation capacity, their overall share in the energy mix, including power, heat and transport, must increase six-fold to meet climate goals…[because] energy-related emissions have increased by 1.3% every year since 2015, and the world’s ‘carbon budget’ could run out within ten years…[E]nergy-related CO2 emission reductions would have to decrease by 70% by 2050 to meet climate targets…

    …a large-scale shift to electricity from renewables could deliver 60% of those reductions, up to 75% if renewables for heating and transport are considered, and 90% with an acceleration in energy efficiency…electricity is becoming a dominant energy provider, and using renewables, such as solar and wind, could meet 86% of the power demand…the energy transformation could boost gross domestic product (GDP) by 2.5% and total employment by 0.2% globally in 2050…every USD spent in transforming the global energy system provides a return of between USD 3 and USD 7; and…renewables and the energy transition will create more new jobs than those lost in the fossil fuel sector…” click here for more

    The World’s Biggest Ocean Wind Project Goes To Work

    The World's Largest Offshore Wind Farm Just Came Online

    Brian Kahn, June 2, 2019 (Eather)

    “The UK is quickly becoming the epicenter of the offshore wind industry…[and just brought online] the first part of the world’s largest and furthest offshore wind farm…[T]he opening of the farm coupled with plans to construct a twin behemoth nearby shows that offshore wind is growing in leaps and bounds…The massive wind farm currently has 50 of its 174 turbines spinning. When completed, the project will have a generating capacity of 1.2 gigawatts, more than double the capacity of the current largest offshore wind installation (which is also in the UK). Because of its distance from shore, the team responsible for operating them will spend four weeks at sea before returning to port where another team will head on out and take their place…

    The turbines are located in the North Sea, a notoriously gusty stretch of open water where some of the world’s other large wind farms operate. They feed power back to the UK as well as the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, and Scandinavian countries. But of all the countries plopping wind farms in the North Sea, the UK is harnessing the most power…[according to the just-released Wind Europe report. In contrast, the U.S.] has just 30 megawatts (or 0.03 gigawatts, if you want to feel even more transatlantic shame) of offshore wind capacity…” click here for more