NewEnergyNews: TODAY’S STUDY: A NEW ENERGY YEAR IN SUM

NewEnergyNews

Gleanings from the web and the world, condensed for convenience, illustrated for enlightenment, arranged for impact...

Every day is Earth Day.

YESTERDAY

  • THE STUDY: THE ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES OF NEW ENERGY – THE NORTH CAROLINA CASE
  • QUICK NEWS, April 22: ON EARTH – A QUICK LOOK BACK; OBSERVATIONS FOR EARTH DAY (continued); OBAMA ADMIN UPS BACKING FOR NEW ENERGY
  • -------------------

    GET THE DAILY HEADLINES EMAIL: CLICK HERE TO SUBMIT YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS OR SEND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO: herman@NewEnergyNews.net

    -------------------

    THE DAY BEFORE

  • THE STUDY: THE U.S. NEW ENERGY MARKET NOW AND AHEAD
  • QUICK NEWS, April 21: OBSERVATIONS FOR EARTH DAY; BACK TO OWNERSHIP IN SOLAR; 15X GROWTH FOR ASIA PACIFIC MIDROGRIDS
  • THE DAY BEFORE THE DAY BEFORE

  • Weekend Video: Happy Birthday Solar Cell
  • Weekend Video: Offshore Wind As A Hurricane A Wall
  • Weekend Video: Get On The Climate Policy Train
  • THE DAY BEFORE THAT

  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 5 (continued from yesterday)
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 6
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 7
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 8
  • AND THE DAY BEFORE THAT

    THINGS-TO-THINK-ABOUT THURSDAY, April 17:

  • TTTA Thursday-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 1
  • TTTA Thursday-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 2
  • TTTA Thursday-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 3
  • TTTA Thursday-THE SOLAR CELL TURNS 60, Part 4
  • THE LAST DAY UP HERE

  • THE STUDY: NEW ENERGY POSSIBILITIES – THE MICHIGAN EXAMPLE
  • QUICK NEWS, April 16: THE RACE AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE; THE FAST RISING POTENTIAL OF U.S. NEW ENERGY; BIG TEXAS WIND SHRINKS ELECTRICITY MRKT PRICE
  • --------------------------

    --------------------------

    Anne B. Butterfield of Daily Camera and Huffington Post, is a biweekly contributor to NewEnergyNews

  • Another Tipping Point: US Coal Supply Decline So Real Even West Virginia Concurs (REPORT)

    November 26, 2013 (Huffington Post via NewEnergyNews)

    Everywhere we turn, environmental news is filled with horrid developments and glimpses of irreversible tipping points.

    Just a handful of examples are breathtaking: Scientists have dared to pinpoint the years at which locations around the world may reach runaway heat, and in the northern hemisphere it's well in sight for our children: 2047. Survivors of Superstorm Sandy are packing up as costs of repair and insurance go out of reach, one threat that climate science has long predicted. Or we could simply talk about the plight of bees and the potential impact on food supplies. Surprising no one who explores the Pacific Ocean, sailor Ivan MacFadyen described long a journey dubbed The Ocean is Broken, in which he saw vast expanses of trash and almost no wildlife save for a whale struggling a with giant tumor on its head, evoking the tons of radioactive water coming daily from Fukushima's lamed nuclear power center. Rampaging fishing methods and ocean acidification are now reported as causing the overpopulation of jellyfish that have jammed the intakes of nuclear plants around the world. Yet the shutting down of nuclear plants is a trifling setback compared with the doom that can result in coming days at Fukushima in the delicate job to extract bent and spent fuel rods from a ruined storage tank, a project dubbed "radioactive pick up sticks."

    With all these horrors to ponder you wouldn't expect to hear that you should also worry about the United States running out of coal. But you would be wrong, says Leslie Glustrom, founder and research director for Clean Energy Action. Her contention is that we've passed the peak in our nation's legendary supply of coal that powers over one-third of our grid capacity. This grim news is faithfully spelled out in three reports, with the complete story told in Warning: Faulty Reporting of US Coal Reserves (pdf). (Disclosure: I serve on CEA's board and have known the author for years.)

    Glustrom's research presents a sea change in how we should understand our energy challenges, or experience grim consequences. It's not only about toxic and heat-trapping emissions anymore; it's also about having enough energy generation to run big cities and regions that now rely on coal. Glustrom worries openly about how commerce will go on in many regions in 2025 if they don't plan their energy futures right.

    2013-11-05-FigureES4_FULL.jpgclick to enlarge

    Scrutinizing data for prices on delivered coal nationwide, Glustrom's new report establishes that coal's price has risen nearly 8 percent annually for eight years, roughly doubling, due mostly to thinner, deeper coal seams plus costlier diesel transport expenses. Higher coal prices in a time of "cheap" natural gas and affordable renewables means coal companies are lamed by low or no profits, as they hold debt levels that dwarf their market value and carry very high interest rates.

    2013-11-05-Table_ES2_FULL.jpgclick to enlarge

    2013-11-05-Figure_ES2_FULL.jpg

    One leading coal company, Patriot, filed for bankruptcy last year; many others are also struggling under bankruptcy watch and not eager to upgrade equipment for the tougher mining ahead. Add to this the bizarre event this fall of a coal lease failing to sell in Wyoming's Powder River Basin, the "Fort Knox" of the nation's coal supply, with some pundits agreeing this portends a tightening of the nation's coal supply, not to mention the array of researchers cited in the report. Indeed, at the mid point of 2013, only 488 millions tons of coal were produced in the U.S.; unless a major catch up happens by year-end, 2013 may be as low in production as 1993.

    Coal may exist in large quantities geologically, but economically, it's getting out of reach, as confirmed by US Geological Survey in studies indicating that less than 20 percent of US coal formations are economically recoverable, as explored in the CEA report. To Glustrom, that number plus others translate to 10 to 20 years more of burning coal in the US. It takes capital, accessible coal with good heat content and favorable market conditions to assure that mining companies will stay in business. She has observed a classic disconnect between camps of professionals in which geologists tend to assume money is "infinite" and financial analysts tend to assume that available coal is "infinite." Both biases are faulty and together they court disaster, and "it is only by combining thoughtful estimates of available coal and available money that our country can come to a realistic estimate of the amount of US coal that can be mined at a profit." This brings us back to her main and rather simple point: "If the companies cannot make a profit by mining coal they won't be mining for long."

    No one is more emphatic than Glustrom herself that she cannot predict the future, but she presents trend lines that are robust and confirmed assertively by the editorial board at West Virginia Gazette:

    Although Clean Energy Action is a "green" nonprofit opposed to fossil fuels, this study contains many hard economic facts. As we've said before, West Virginia's leaders should lower their protests about pollution controls, and instead launch intelligent planning for the profound shift that is occurring in the Mountain State's economy.

    The report "Warning, Faulty Reporting of US Coal Reserves" and its companion reports belong in the hands of energy and climate policy makers, investors, bankers, and rate payer watchdog groups, so that states can plan for, rather than react to, a future with sea change risk factors.

    [Clean Energy Action is fundraising to support the dissemination of this report through December 11. Contribute here.]

    It bears mentioning that even China is enacting a "peak coal" mentality, with Shanghai declaring that it will completely ban coal burning in 2017 with intent to close down hundreds of coal burning boilers and industrial furnaces, or shifting them to clean energy by 2015. And Citi Research, in "The Unimaginable: Peak Coal in China," took a look at all forms of energy production in China and figured that demand for coal will flatten or peak by 2020 and those "coal exporting countries that have been counting on strong future coal demand could be most at risk." Include US coal producers in that group of exporters.

    Our world is undergoing many sorts of change and upheaval. We in the industrialized world have spent about a century dismissing ocean trash, overfishing, pesticides, nuclear hazard, and oil and coal burning with a shrug of, "Hey it's fine, nature can manage it." Now we're surrounded by impacts of industrial-grade consumption, including depletion of critical resources and tipping points of many kinds. It is not enough to think of only ourselves and plan for strictly our own survival or convenience. The threat to animals everywhere, indeed to whole systems of the living, is the grief-filled backdrop of our times. It's "all hands on deck" at this point of human voyaging, and in our nation's capital, we certainly don't have that. Towns, states and regions need to plan fiercely and follow through. And a fine example is Boulder Colorado's recent victory to keep on track for clean energy by separating from its electric utility that makes 59 percent of its power from coal.

    Clean Energy Action is disseminating "Warning: Faulty Reporting of US Coal Reserves" for free to all manner of relevant professionals who should be concerned about long range trends which now include the supply risks of coal, and is supporting that outreach through a fundraising campaign.

    [Clean Energy Action is fundraising to support the dissemination of this report through December 11. Contribute here.]

    Author's note: Want to support my work? Please "fan" me at Huffpost Denver, here (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/anne-butterfield). Thanks.

    -------------------

    Anne's previous NewEnergyNews columns:

  • Another Tipping Point: US Coal Supply Decline So Real Even West Virginia Concurs (REPORT), November 26, 2013
  • SOLAR FOR ME BUT NOT FOR THEE ~ Xcel's Push to Undermine Rooftop Solar, September 20, 2013
  • NEW BILLS AND NEW BIRDS in Colorado's recent session, May 20, 2013
  • Lies, damned lies and politicians (October 8, 2012)
  • Colorado's Elegant Solution to Fracking (April 23, 2012)
  • Shale Gas: From Geologic Bubble to Economic Bubble (March 15, 2012)
  • Taken for granted no more (February 5, 2012)
  • The Republican clown car circus (January 6, 2012)
  • Twenty-Somethings of Colorado With Skin in the Game (November 22, 2011)
  • Occupy, Xcel, and the Mother of All Cliffs (October 31, 2011)
  • Boulder Can Own Its Power With Distributed Generation (June 7, 2011)
  • The Plunging Cost of Renewables and Boulder's Energy Future (April 19, 2011)
  • Paddling Down the River Denial (January 12, 2011)
  • The Fox (News) That Jumped the Shark (December 16, 2010)
  • Click here for an archive of Butterfield columns

    -------------------

    Some details about NewEnergyNews and the man behind the curtain: Herman K. Trabish, Agua Dulce, CA., Doctor with my hands, Writer with my head, Student of New Energy and Human Experience with my heart

    email: herman@NewEnergyNews.net

    -------------------

    Your intrepid reporter

    -------------------

      A tip of the NewEnergyNews cap to Phillip Garcia for crucial assistance in the design implementation of this site. Thanks, Phillip.

    -------------------

    Pay a visit to the HARRY BOYKOFF page at Basketball Reference, sponsored by NewEnergyNews and Oil In Their Blood.

  • ---------------
  • Monday, December 03, 2012

    TODAY’S STUDY: A NEW ENERGY YEAR IN SUM

    2011 Renewable Energy Data Book

    October 31, 2012 (NREL)

    Key Findings

    • The installed global renewable electricity capacity nearly doubled between 2000 and 2011, although renewable energy is a relatively small portion of total energy supply both globally and in the United States.

    • Renewable electricity represented nearly 13% of total installed capacity and more than 12% of total electric generation in the United States in 2011. Installed renewable electricity capacity is more than 146 gigawatts (GW).

    • In 2011 in the United States, wind and solar photovoltaics (PV) were two of the fastest growing electric generation technologies. In 2011, cumulative installed wind capacity increased by nearly 17% and cumulative installed solar photovoltaic capacity grew more than 86% from the previous year.

    • Worldwide, wind energy is one of the fastest growing renewable electricity technologies— between 2000 and 2011, wind electricity generation worldwide increased by a factor of 13. The United States experienced even more dramatic growth, as installed wind electricity capacity increased by a factor of 18 between 2000 and 2011.

    • In the United States, renewable electricity has been capturing a growing percentage of new capacity additions during the past few years. In 2011, renewable electricity accounted for more than 35% of all new electrical capacity installations in the United States—a large change from 2004 when all renewable electricity captured only 2% of new capacity additions.

    • Since 2006, the United States has been the world’s leading ethanol producer. Between 2000 and 2011, U.S. production of corn ethanol increased by a factor of 8. The use of ethanol in gasoline blends in the United States has tripled since 2005.

    Summary: Renewable Energy in the United States

    • Since 2000, renewable electricity installations in the United States have more than tripled, and in 2011 represent 146 GW of installed U.S. capacity.

    • Installed renewable electricity capacity has grown at a compounded annual average of nearly 4.2% per year from 2000–2011.

    • U.S. renewable electricity in 2011 is 12.8% of total overall installed electricity capacity and 12.8 % of total annual generation in the United States.

    • Wind and solar photovoltaics are the fastest growing renewable electricity sectors. In 2011 in the United States, wind installed capacity increased by nearly 17% and solar photovoltaic installed capacity grew more than 86% from the previous year.

    • In 2011 in the United States, biomass produced about 11% of total renewable electricity generation, wind produced 23%, solar (photovoltaics and concentrating solar power) produced 1%, hydropower produced 62%, and geothermal produced 3%.

    • Wind energy accounted for about 75% of newly installed U.S. renewable electricity capacity in 2011.

    • Electricity generation from biomass, geothermal, and hydropower have remained relatively stable since 2000.

    Summary: State Renewable Energy Information

    • In 2011, Washington had the most installed renewable electric capacity of any U.S. state (23,970 MW).

    • In 2008, Texas became the national leader in wind power development, and in 2011 has more than 10 GW of wind capacity installed.

    • California installed 921 MW of wind and 538 MW of solar capacity in 2011, the most of any state.

    • A combination of state incentives and renewable portfolio standards for renewable electricity and renewable resource development has driven renewable growth in many states. Some wind development was driven by economics in select locations

    Summary: Global Renewable Energy Development

    • Cumulative global renewable electricity installed capacity has grown by 72% from 2000–2011 (from 748 GW to 1,285 GW).

    • Renewable energy accounts for 22% of all global electricity generation (4,309 TWh).

    • Wind and solar energy are the fastest growing renewable electricity technologies worldwide. Wind generation grew by a factor of 13 and solar photovoltaic generation grew by a factor of more than 51 between 2000 and 2011.

    • In 2011, Germany led the world in cumulative solar photovoltaic installed capacity. The United States leads the world in geothermal and biomass installed capacity. China leads in wind, and Spain leads in solar thermal electric generation (STEG).

    Summary: Wind

    • In the United States, installed wind electricity capacity increased more than 18 fold between 2000 and 2011.

    • In the United States, wind experienced strong growth in 2011 and nearly 7 GW of new capacity was added. California led the United States in wind installations in 2011, installing 921 MW of wind capacity.

    • In 2010, China surpassed the United States as the world leader in cumulative installed wind capacity, with more than 63 GW installed as of the end of 2011.

    Summary: Solar

    • Solar electricity generation has grown by a factor of more than 9 between 2000 and 2011, but still represents a very small part of overall U.S. electricity generation (0.2%).

    • Countries with extensive solar policies—such as Germany, Spain, Japan, and Italy— lead the world in solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment. Similarly, U.S. states with extensive solar incentives lead the United States in both cumulative and annual installations in 2011 (California, New Jersey, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico).

    • U.S. manufacturers currently have a small share of the world PV market. Asian— particularly Chinese—manufacturers lead the market with nearly 77% of the global photovoltaic cell production.

    • A number of concentrating solar power (CSP) plants came online in 2011, including 11.7 MW in the United States.

    Summary: Geothermal

    • U.S. geothermal electricity generation has remained relatively stable from 2000 to 2011, with the past 11 years experiencing an average of 1.2% growth in annual capacity installed.

    • The United States leads the world in installed geothermal electricity capacity and generation, with most of that power installed in California.

    • As a base-load source of energy, geothermal is distinct from other renewables such as wind and solar, because it can provide consistent electricity.

    Summary: Biopower

    • Biopower electricity generation currently accounts for 11% of all renewable energy generated in the United States.

    • Biomass electricity primarily comes from wood and agricultural residues that are burned as a fuel for cogeneration in the industrial sector (such as in the pulp and paper industry).

    • U.S. installed biopower capacity has grown recently, with a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 2.0% from 2006–2011.

    Summary: Hydropower

    • Hydropower capacity has remained essentially constant between 2000–2011, with generation fluctuation depending on water supply.

    • Hydropower remains the largest source of renewable electricity generation, primarily large-scale hydropower, which accounts for 7.9% of U.S. electricity generation.

    Summary: Advanced Water Power

    • U.S. interest in advanced water power—such as tidal, river, ocean current, and ocean wave energy—has been steadily growing over the past few years, with many prototype projects in testing stages and permits being filed at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).

    • No commercial wave or tidal plants came online in 2011, although two tidal power projects received licenses from FERC in early 2012: one being developed by Ocean Renewable Power Company in Cobscook Bay Maine, and one by Verdant Power in the East River of New York City.

    • More information may be found at these websites:

    – Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC): www.ferc.gov/industries/ hydropower/gen-info/licensing/hydrokinetics.asp

    – The Water Power Program at the U.S. Department of Energy: www1.eere.energy.gov/water

    – The Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement, established by the International Energy Agency: www.ocean-energy-systems.org

    Summary: Hydrogen

    • As of October 2012, there were approximately 58 hydrogen fueling stations in the United States.

    • There are more than 1,000 stationary fuel cell installations worldwide, 35 of which are greater than 1 MW in capacity.

    Renewable and Alternative Fuels

    • Corn ethanol production in contrast to Brazil's ethanol, which is produced from sugar cane, continues to expand rapidly in the United States. Between 2000 and 2011, production increased more than 8 times.

    • U.S. ethanol production grew nearly 5% in 2011 over 2010 to reach almost 14,000 million gallons per year.

    • In 2011, the United States* produced 62.2% of the world’s ethanol, followed by Brazil at 24.9%, the European Union at 5.4%, China at 2.5%, and Canada at 2.1%.

    • In 2011, the number of electric vehicle charging stations expanded by a factor of 9 to 6,033.

    Summary: Biodiesel

    • Biodiesel has expanded from a relatively small production base in 2000, to a total United States production of 1 billion gallons in 2011. However, biodiesel is still a small percentage of the alternative fuel pool in the U.S., as 13 times more ethanol was produced in 2011.

    • Biodiesel production in the United States in 2011 is 214 times what it was in 2001.

    • The United States leads the world in biodiesel production, followed by Germany, Argentina, Brazil, and France.

    • Worldwide, biodiesel production globally grew more than 12% from 2010 to 2011.

    Summary: Clean Energy Investment

    • U.S. investment in renewable energy has grown dramatically in the past decade, and in 2011 annual investment reached more than $35 billion.

    • U.S. investment in wind energy projects grew from $378 million in 2001 to more than $5 billion in 2011.

    • In 2011, U.S. venture capital and private equity investment in renewable energy technology companies was nearly $7 billion—up from $253 million in 2001.

    • U.S. venture capital and private equity investment in solar technology companies has increased from $50 million in 2001 to more than $1.7 billion in 2011.

    0 Comments:

    Post a Comment

    << Home

    *