TODAY’S STUDY: HOW TO GET TO 70% NEW ENERGY IN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE
Beyond Integration; Three dynamics reshaping renewables and the grid
Felicity Jones, et. al., March 2015 (DNV GL)
In the Renewables Sector: Challenges
Policymakers and system operators place diverging demands on renewables Renewables developers are pulled in different directions. On the one hand, they must please policymakers: twothirds of respondents list politicians and policymakers in their top three most vital players in the transition to a renewables-based electricity system, and qualitative data stresses that securing political will depends on affordability. On the other hand, in a high renewables future, developers must also engage with the increasing challenges of system operation.
In the Renewables Sector: Recommendations
A convergence of metrics – led by policymakers New economic metrics will converge the needs of policymakers and system operators. Greater reliance on whole-system assessments of power system costs will allow a more representative picture of the affordability of decisions to be taken. The metric of market value, which encompasses revenue as well as cost, at a system level, will better converge developer incentives with the needs of system operators. Examples of implementing this include:
■ Gradually exposing developers to stronger market signals on the timing and location of generation.
■ Opening up ancillary services markets to renewables and other enabling technologies.
■ Considering market value and system costs when planning technology mixes.
In the Power Sector: Challenges
Developers Feel Uplifted By Opportunities And System Operators Feel Weighed Down By Challenges
Our survey shows that developers, independent power producers (IPPs) and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are relishing the opportunities brought by the move towards a high renewables system, while system operators and utilities identify themselves as being challenged by the transition. But the opportunities spotted by project developers, OEMs and IPPs to drive change can only be realized with the support, expertise and investment of utilities and network owners and operators
In the Power Sector: Recommendations
A rebalancing of rules – led by system operators and regulators, with developers’ support New rules will rebalance the opportunities and challenges for developers and system operators. Grid code refinement to maximise the capabilities of renewables can often deliver substantial system benefit at minimal cost.
This should be done carefully: a heavyhanded regulatory approach should be avoided, and market-based solutions – including the new metric of market value – remain an equally important part of the solution.
Examples of implementing this include:
■ Amending grid codes to make the most of sophisticated converter functionality of renewables.
■ Updating regulation to allow more innovative approaches, such as microgrids.
■ Increasing the emphasis on stakeholder engagement in the regulation of system operators.
In the Energy Sector: Challenges
The energy trilemma cannot be easily solved within current boundaries Qualitative data hints that the electricity sector needs to become more interconnected with the wider energy system and with information and communications. Current high interest in energy storage, which 66% of respondents select as a top three lever for a high renewables future, is an example of the increasingly blurry lines between power, transport and heat.
Meanwhile, respondents’ emphasis on smart grids underscores the role for IT in helping to manage the variability of renewables.
In the Energy Sector: Recommendations
An expansion of horizons – led by the electricity business, with new entrants While policymakers often see energy in the holistic sense, industry thinking can still be too siloed, focused on the electricity sector. An expansion of horizons is needed, to go beyond old silos and into the ‘internet of energy’, where smarter, real-time operational controls are used to coordinate input from distributed sources of supply and demand, which span power, transport and heat. Examples of implementing this include:
> ■ Seizing the opportunities of ‘subsector arbitrage’ with heat and transport.
■ Partnering and upskilling in consumer engagement to stay relevant.
■ Defining a minimal set of specifications for smart energy systems.
For each of these three dynamics, the solutions for a high renewables future demand a change in the way we think about the ‘integration’ of new technology. Ad-hoc changes to existing systems must give way to genuine systemic thinking, albeit that this systemic thinking should have a pragmatic flavour. We are prompted to take a broader view and to adopt more collaborative approaches as we move into an exciting electric future.
We need to go beyond old metrics, beyond old rules and beyond old silos. In short: beyond integration.