NewEnergyNews: TODAY’S STUDY: HOW MUCH NEW ENERGY CAN CHINA BUILD?

NewEnergyNews

Gleanings from the web and the world, condensed for convenience, illustrated for enlightenment, arranged for impact...

The challenge now: To make every day Earth Day.

YESTERDAY

  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: Turning Distributed Energy From Threat To Opportunity
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: Solar Policy Action Heats Up
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: Maine’s Almost Solar Policy Breakthrough
  • THE DAY BEFORE

  • TODAY’S STUDY: How To Balance Competing Solar Interests
  • QUICK NEWS, December 6: Sliver Of Hope? Al Gore In Climate Change Meet With Donald Trump; The Opportunity In New Energy; Google Seizing New Energy Opportunity
  • THE DAY BEFORE THE DAY BEFORE

  • TODAY’S STUDY: A Way For New Energy To Meet Peak Demand
  • QUICK NEWS, December 5: Trial Of The Century Coming On Climate; The Wind-Solar Synergy; The Still Rising Sales Of Cars With Plugs
  • THE DAY BEFORE THAT

  • Weekend Video: Trump Truth And Climate Change
  • Weekend Video: The Daily Show Talks Pipeline Politics
  • Weekend Video: Beyond Polar Bears – The Real Science Of Climate Change
  • AND THE DAY BEFORE THAT

  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Aussie Farmers Worrying About Climate Change
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-The Climate Change Solution At Hand, Part 1
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-The Climate Change Solution At Hand, Part 2
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-New Energy And Historic Buildings In Europe
  • THE LAST DAY UP HERE

    THINGS-TO-THINK-ABOUT THURSDAY, December 1:

  • TTTA Thursday-First Daughter Ivanka May Fight For Climate
  • TTTA Thursday-Low Profile High Power Ocean Wind Energy
  • TTTA Thursday-A Visionary Solar Power Plant
  • TTTA Thursday-EVs Have A Growth Path
  • --------------------------

    --------------------------

    Anne B. Butterfield of Daily Camera and Huffington Post, f is an occasional contributor to NewEnergyNews

    -------------------

    Some of Anne's contributions:

  • Another Tipping Point: US Coal Supply Decline So Real Even West Virginia Concurs (REPORT), November 26, 2013
  • SOLAR FOR ME BUT NOT FOR THEE ~ Xcel's Push to Undermine Rooftop Solar, September 20, 2013
  • NEW BILLS AND NEW BIRDS in Colorado's recent session, May 20, 2013
  • Lies, damned lies and politicians (October 8, 2012)
  • Colorado's Elegant Solution to Fracking (April 23, 2012)
  • Shale Gas: From Geologic Bubble to Economic Bubble (March 15, 2012)
  • Taken for granted no more (February 5, 2012)
  • The Republican clown car circus (January 6, 2012)
  • Twenty-Somethings of Colorado With Skin in the Game (November 22, 2011)
  • Occupy, Xcel, and the Mother of All Cliffs (October 31, 2011)
  • Boulder Can Own Its Power With Distributed Generation (June 7, 2011)
  • The Plunging Cost of Renewables and Boulder's Energy Future (April 19, 2011)
  • Paddling Down the River Denial (January 12, 2011)
  • The Fox (News) That Jumped the Shark (December 16, 2010)
  • Click here for an archive of Butterfield columns

    -------------------

    Some details about NewEnergyNews and the man behind the curtain: Herman K. Trabish, Agua Dulce, CA., Doctor with my hands, Writer with my head, Student of New Energy and Human Experience with my heart

    email: herman@NewEnergyNews.net

    -------------------

    -------------------

      A tip of the NewEnergyNews cap to Phillip Garcia for crucial assistance in the design implementation of this site. Thanks, Phillip.

    -------------------

    Pay a visit to the HARRY BOYKOFF page at Basketball Reference, sponsored by NewEnergyNews and Oil In Their Blood.

  • ---------------
  • THINGS-TO-THINK-ABOUT THURSDAY, December 8:

  • The Record Of The New EPA Head
  • The Undeveloped New Energy
  • Walking On New Energy
  • Electric Tractor For Emissions-Free.Farming

    Tuesday, April 21, 2015

    TODAY’S STUDY: HOW MUCH NEW ENERGY CAN CHINA BUILD?

    China 2050 High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario And Roadmap Study

    April 2015 (Energy Research Institute/National Development and Reform Commission)

    High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario: Vision And Consensus

    We are continuously writing new chapters in our history. In the history of energy, it is an irreversible path that we will gradually move away from dependence on fossil fuels and transit to a “high renewable energy penetration” future. The international community has reached a consensus that high renewable energy penetration is a critical part of the efforts to tackle climate change and control temperature rise below 2 degrees. Europe and America have been first in taking the meaningful step of providing blueprints. As the world's largest developing country, largest coal consumer, and largest emitter of greenhouse gases, China is confronted with challenges that are more urgent and arduous as it transforms toward clean, low-carbon energy. "China 2050 High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario and Roadmap Study" analyzes how China can gradually phase out fossil energy, especially coal, from its leading role in China's energy development, and give low-carbon green electricity a prime part to play. This vision will help advance the goal of a "Beautiful China" with the development level of medium-income countries, clear water and blue skies. The study takes high renewable energy penetration as the goal and greenhouse gas emissions and air pollutants as basic constraints; it conducts technical and economic evaluation, power system production simulation, social and economic impact evaluation, etc., and based on these optimizes renewable energy deployment pathways under different scenarios as well as puts forward corresponding implementation schemes. Results show that a high renewable energy penetration scenario in 2050 is both technically and economically feasible, in which renewables account for over 60% in China’s total energy consumption and over 85% in total electricity consumption – signifying a true revolution of energy production and consumption.

    By 2050, Renewable Energy Could Meet More Than 60% of Primary Energy Demand In a high renewable energy penetration scenario where over 60% of end-use energy consumption is electricity, the energy system in 2050 is highly efficient, with energy efficiency 90% higher than in 2010. By that time, primary energy consumption is 3.4 billion tons of coal equivalent, and renewable energy accounts for 62%. High Renewable Energy Penetration Will Promote Fossil Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions to Peak by 2025 Under the high renewable energy penetration scenario, coal consumption will be effectively controlled and the coal consumption peak can be reached by 2020. The consumption peak of fossil energy will be realized by 2025, and thereby reaching the goal of peaking greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 will be assured and most likely to happen as early as by 2025

    Renewable Power is the Essential Replacement for Fossil Energy

    By 2050, the national total power generation will be 15.2 trillion kWh, 86% of which will be renewable power and 91% non-fossil energy, while coal power drops to below 7%.

    Wind Power and Solar Power Will Become Important Pillars of the Future Power Supply

    Through technological breakthroughs, cost reductions as well as the comprehensively deepening of power sector reforms, between 2020 and 2040, wind and solar power will develop rapidly, with an average of annual newly installed capacity of close to 100 million kW. By 2050, 2.4 billion kW of wind power and 2.7 billion kW of solar power will be installed, with a total annual output of 9.66 trillion kWh, which will account for 64% of China’s total power generation and will become the main power source of the future green electricity system.

    Various areas of the country will have the ability of developing wind power and solar power on a large scale, laying equal emphasis on centralized and distributed development.

    Higher Electrification Rate Will Enable Renewable Energy to Grow to a Higher Level

    By 2050, China’s end-use energy consumption will reach 3.2 billion tons of coal equivalent, of which electricity will account for 60%, 36 percentage points higher than that of 2010. Electricity will become the main form of energy for people’s production and living.

    Transfrom the Electricity Transmission Network to a Platform for Optimizing Resources Allocation

    With the increase of renewable power generation, we need to expand the transmission infrastructure in order to integrate renewable energy in a larger geographical area. Regional interconnection and expansion of the balancing area is helpful to reduce the changes in net load. There will be three cross regional transmission lines with a gross capacity of more than 100 million kW, respectively, the Northwest-Central China line, Central China-East China line and North China-East China line.

    Technological and Institutional Innovation is the Foundation to Build a High Renewable Energy Penetration Power System

    The contribution of variable power will rise from 30% to 60% in high penetration scenario as compared with in reference scenario, making it more challenging to ensure the real-time balance between electricity supply and demand. Variability and uncertainty associated with high-penetration wind power and solar power will be managed through increasing power trading in market, adding flexible generation capacity, improving the flexibility of coal power, using energy storage technology and demand response mechanism, as well as expanding transmission infrastructure.

    Building a High Renewable Energy Penetration Power System at a Small or Non-Incremental Cost

    In the high renewable energy penetration scenario, the average cost of electricity will rise slightly between 2030 and 2050, basically remaining between RMB0.672/kWh and RMB0.685 yuan/kWh. Most of the incremental capital investment of the high penetration scenario will be offset by saving the fuel cost of fossil energy which would otherwise happen in the reference scenario, and China could realize a high penetration scenario with a small or non incremental cost.

    As a New Economic Growth Point, Renewable Energy Can Significantly Improve the Development Quality of the Overall Economy

    Emerging industries like wind power, solar power, and electric vehicle will become a new economic growth point. In 2050, the added value of renewable energy industries will grow to RMB17 trillion, making a contribution of 6.2% to the GDP of that year. The added value of electric vehicle industry will grow to close to RMB 8 trillion, accounting for 2.9% of the GDP.

    The high renewable energy penetration scenario will create 12 million jobs in 2050 in the renewable energy and related industries, which will promote the transmission of China’s employed population from traditional manufacturing to high value add industries.

    High Renewable Energy Penetration Will Help Bring Back Clear Water and Blue Skies

    Major pollutants and CO2 emitted by the combustion of fossil fuel will decrease significantly. The emissions of major pollutants (SO2, NOx, mercury, etc.) in 2050 will hold the line of that in 1980. The emissions of CO2 will decrease to 3 billion tons, making outstanding contributions to slowing down global climate change…

    0 Comments:

    Post a Comment

    << Home

  • >