NewEnergyNews: TODAY’S STUDY: Where Offshore Wind Is Booming


Gleanings from the web and the world, condensed for convenience, illustrated for enlightenment, arranged for impact...

While the OFFICE of President remains in highest regard at NewEnergyNews, this administration's position on climate change makes it impossible to regard THIS president with respect. Below is the NewEnergyNews theme song until 2020.

The challenge now: To make every day Earth Day.


  • TODAY’S STUDY: A Plan To Help Utilities Perform Better
  • QUICK NEWS, July 25: Climate Change In The Not-So-Funny Funnies; The Truth About Wind, Birds, And Bats; How Goes For 100% New Energy

  • TODAY’S STUDY: Comparing Old Energy And New Energy For The Grid
  • QUICK NEWS, July 24: It’s A Plastic World; How This President Rewards Scientists Who Speak Truth To Power; Intro To Community Choice Electricity

  • Weekend Video: How To Know It’s Getting Hotter
  • Weekend Video: Sea Level Rise To Follow Soon
  • Weekend Video: Buildings That Can Benefit The Climate

  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Facing A Mass Extinction
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-China Takes Over The Solar World
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Pakistan Turning To Wind
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-30X Growth In Distributed Storage Over The Next Decade


  • TTTA Thursday-Al Gore Goes Deep On Climate
  • TTTA Thursday-Ready To Hit The Solar Road
  • TTTA Thursday-Wind In The Cities – The Cleveland Example
  • TTTA Thursday-20X Growth For Global Grid Scale Storage In Next Decade

  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Solar Market Transformation
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: A Close Look At Hawaii’s Plan To Get To 100% New Energy
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Big Plan To Get Energy Storage Paid What It’s Worth
  • --------------------------


    Anne B. Butterfield of Daily Camera and Huffington Post, f is an occasional contributor to NewEnergyNews


    Some of Anne's contributions:

  • Another Tipping Point: US Coal Supply Decline So Real Even West Virginia Concurs (REPORT), November 26, 2013
  • SOLAR FOR ME BUT NOT FOR THEE ~ Xcel's Push to Undermine Rooftop Solar, September 20, 2013
  • NEW BILLS AND NEW BIRDS in Colorado's recent session, May 20, 2013
  • Lies, damned lies and politicians (October 8, 2012)
  • Colorado's Elegant Solution to Fracking (April 23, 2012)
  • Shale Gas: From Geologic Bubble to Economic Bubble (March 15, 2012)
  • Taken for granted no more (February 5, 2012)
  • The Republican clown car circus (January 6, 2012)
  • Twenty-Somethings of Colorado With Skin in the Game (November 22, 2011)
  • Occupy, Xcel, and the Mother of All Cliffs (October 31, 2011)
  • Boulder Can Own Its Power With Distributed Generation (June 7, 2011)
  • The Plunging Cost of Renewables and Boulder's Energy Future (April 19, 2011)
  • Paddling Down the River Denial (January 12, 2011)
  • The Fox (News) That Jumped the Shark (December 16, 2010)
  • Click here for an archive of Butterfield columns


    Some details about NewEnergyNews and the man behind the curtain: Herman K. Trabish, Agua Dulce, CA., Doctor with my hands, Writer with my head, Student of New Energy and Human Experience with my heart




      A tip of the NewEnergyNews cap to Phillip Garcia for crucial assistance in the design implementation of this site. Thanks, Phillip.


    Pay a visit to the HARRY BOYKOFF page at Basketball Reference, sponsored by NewEnergyNews and Oil In Their Blood.

  • ---------------
  • TODAY AT NewEnergyNews, July 26:

  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Best Way To Do Community Solar
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: What U.S. DER Can Learn Down Under
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: Solar’s Newest Arizona Challenge

    Monday, May 09, 2016

    TODAY’S STUDY: Where Offshore Wind Is Booming

    The European offshore wind industry - key trends and statistics 2015

    February 2016 (European Wind Energy Association)

    Executive Summary

    Offshore wind power market in 2015

    • 3,019 MW of net installed, grid-connected capacity was added in 2015, 108% more than in 2014. A net addition of 754 new offshore wind turbines in 15 wind farms were grid-connected from 1 January to 31 December 2015.

    • 419 new turbines were erected in 2015. Seven turbines were decommissioned in the UK and Sweden, resulting in a net addition of 412 turbines.

    • 53 of these turbines equivalent to 277 MW are awaiting grid connection.

    • 14 projects were completed in 2015. Work is on-going on six projects in Germany, the Netherlands and the UK.

    Cumulative offshore wind power market

    • 3,230 turbines are now installed and grid-connected, making a cumulative total of 11,027 MW.

    • Including sites under construction, there are 84 offshore wind farms in 11 European countries.

    • 80% of substructures are monopiles, 9.1% are gravity foundations, jackets account for 5.4%, tripods account for 3.6% and tripiles account for 1.7%.

    Market outlook

    • Once completed, the six offshore projects currently under construction will increase total installed grid-connected capacity by a further 1.9 GW, bringing the cumulative capacity in Europe to 12.9 GW.

    Trends: turbines, foundations, water depth and distance to shore

    • The average offshore wind turbine size was 4.2 MW, a 13% increase over 2014. This was due to the increased deployment of 4-6 MW turbines in 2015.

    • The average size of a grid-connected offshore wind farm in 2015 was 337.9 MW, 8.2% less than the previous year. There were some large offshore wind farms: 576-600 MW sites at Gwynt y Môr and Gemini. However, the majority of German sites were 288 MW.

    • The average water depth of wind farms completed, or partially completed in 2015 was 27.1 m and the average distance to shore was 43.3 km.

    Financing highlights and developments

    • Ten projects, worth €13.3bn, reached final investment decision (FID), a doubling over 2014. In total 3,034 MW of new capacity reached FID during 2015.

    • Total investments for the construction and refinancing of offshore wind farms and transmission assets hit a record level of €18bn.

    • Reduced risk perception for offshore wind projects has led to the emergence of project bonds as a means of financing. For the first time in 2015, €1.5bn was raised through project bonds for the construction and refinancing of offshore wind farms.

    Annual Market 2015

    Offshore wind installations

    3,018.5 MW of new offshore wind power capacity was connected to the grid during 2015 in Europe, a 108.3% increase over 2014 and the biggest yearly addition to capacity to date.

    • During 2015, work was carried out on 22 offshore wind farms in Europe.

    • 14 utility-scale wind farms were completed.

    • Work continued on two other wind farms where several wind turbines were erected.

    • Work has started but no turbines are yet connected in five other wind farms.

    • Two sites had decommissioning of turbines, with a full decommissioning at the Yttre Stengrund site in Sweden.

    75.4% of all net capacity brought online was in Germany (2,282.4 MW), a four-fold increase in its grid-connected capacity compared to 2014. This was in large part due to the delay in grid connections finally coming online in 2015 in Germany. The second largest market was the UK (566.1 MW, or 18.7% share), followed by the Netherlands (180 MW, or 5.9% share).

    Of the total 3,018.5 MW connected in European waters, 86.1% were in the North Sea, 9.2% in the Baltic Sea, and 4.7% in the Irish Sea.

    Siemens continues to be the top offshore wind turbine supplier in terms of net annual installations. With 1,816.4 MW of new capacity connected, Siemens accounts for 60% of the 2015 market. Adwen (550 MW, 18.2%), MHI Vestas (391.5 MW, 12.9%) and Senvion (270.6 MW, 8.9%) are the other turbine manufacturers who had turbines grid-connected in full-scale wind farms during 2015.

    Similarly, in terms of net grid-connected units, Siemens remains at the top with 476 turbines of various individual turbine capacities (3-6 MW, accounting for 62.7% of connected capacity) connected in European waters during 2015. MHI Vestas connected a net total of 129 turbines (ranging from 3-3.3 MW) representing 17%2. Adwen connected 110 turbines to the grid, each rated at 5 MW, representing 14.5% of all turbines connected. Senvion also connected 44 turbines, with an individual turbine rating of 6.15 MW, making up 5.8% of gridconnected turbines in 2015…

    Market outlook for 2016 and 2017

    The volume of new grid-connected installations will be lower in 2016 than it was in 2015. This is due in part to the high volume of turbines installed in 2014 that were only grid-connected in 2015 in Germany; and in part to the reduced number of project starts in 2015 compared to 2014.

    However, turbine orders in 2015 were stronger than in 2014, presenting an early indication of good momentum for offshore wind after 2016. Year-on-year orders grew by 74.5% to 5.1 GW of firm and conditional orders placed.

    Offshore construction work is expected to start at sites larger than those worked on in 2015, such as Iberdrola’s Wikinger wind farm in Germany and E.ON’s Rampion in the UK, meaning that overall average wind farm sizes will increase in 2016. Average turbine size will also increase as the industry develops larger models.

    Once completed, the six offshore projects currently under construction will increase installed capacity by a further 1.9 GW, bringing the cumulative capacity in Europe to 12.9 GW. EWEA has identified 26.4 GW of consented offshore wind farms in Europe that could be constructed over the next decade. A total of 63.5 GW of projects are understood to be in the planning phase.

    The UK has the highest share of consented offshore wind capacity (55%), followed by Germany (26.2%).

    Sweden (7.5%), Belgium (4.2%), Ireland (3.8%) and Denmark (2%) have the remaining share of consented sites.

    In the medium term, an analysis of consented wind farms confirms that the North Sea will remain the main region for offshore deployment (78% of total consented capacity) with significant developments also foreseen in the Irish Sea (8.6% of consented capacity) and in the Baltic Sea (12.4%). Whilst consented projects exist in the Mediterranean, there is no immediate outlook for deployment.


    Post a Comment

    << Home