NewEnergyNews: TODAY’S STUDY: The Climate Problem From Too Much NatGas

NewEnergyNews

Gleanings from the web and the world, condensed for convenience, illustrated for enlightenment, arranged for impact...

The challenge now: To make every day Earth Day.

YESTERDAY

THINGS-TO-THINK-ABOUT THURSDAY, September 29:

  • TTTA Thursday-Mars Sees Threat To Chocolate In Climate Change
  • TTTA Thursday-Wearable New Energy
  • TTTA Thursday-Picture Proof That U.S. Offshore Wind Lives
  • TTTA Thursday-BMW’s Used Battery Power Plant
  • THE DAY BEFORE

  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: Taming the Wild West: The CA ISO’s Bid For A Regional Electricity Market
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: A Closer Look At The Plunging Cost Of Battery Energy Storage
  • ORIGINAL REPORTING: New arrival Spruce ups game for 'trusted energy advisor' role
  • THE DAY BEFORE THE DAY BEFORE

  • TODAY’S STUDY: What Utilities Are Planning For Solar
  • QUICK NEWS, September 27: Facts Check Trump – Fed Investments In Solar A Huge Success; Top Midwest Utility In $2 Billion Wind Buy; Solar Cost Increasingly Beating The Market
  • THE DAY BEFORE THAT

  • TODAY’S STUDY: The Future Of Offshore Wind Foreseen
  • QUICK NEWS, September 26: The Sonification Of Climate Change; Wind Is Red, White, And Green; The New Hybrid Solar-Storage Concept Module
  • AND THE DAY BEFORE THAT

  • Weekend Video: Good News On Climate – The Public Is Starting To Get It
  • Weekend Video: The Libertarian Failure On Climate Change
  • Weekend Video: New Energy Is Doable – And Is Being Done
  • THE LAST DAY UP HERE

  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-World Gets A Step Closer To Enforceable Climate Laws
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-New Energy Ready To Power The World Future
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Sahara Sun Could Power The World
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-World’s Biggest Offshore Wind Turbines Building Off UK Coast
  • --------------------------

    --------------------------

    Anne B. Butterfield of Daily Camera and Huffington Post, f is an occasional contributor to NewEnergyNews

    -------------------

    Some of Anne's contributions:

  • Another Tipping Point: US Coal Supply Decline So Real Even West Virginia Concurs (REPORT), November 26, 2013
  • SOLAR FOR ME BUT NOT FOR THEE ~ Xcel's Push to Undermine Rooftop Solar, September 20, 2013
  • NEW BILLS AND NEW BIRDS in Colorado's recent session, May 20, 2013
  • Lies, damned lies and politicians (October 8, 2012)
  • Colorado's Elegant Solution to Fracking (April 23, 2012)
  • Shale Gas: From Geologic Bubble to Economic Bubble (March 15, 2012)
  • Taken for granted no more (February 5, 2012)
  • The Republican clown car circus (January 6, 2012)
  • Twenty-Somethings of Colorado With Skin in the Game (November 22, 2011)
  • Occupy, Xcel, and the Mother of All Cliffs (October 31, 2011)
  • Boulder Can Own Its Power With Distributed Generation (June 7, 2011)
  • The Plunging Cost of Renewables and Boulder's Energy Future (April 19, 2011)
  • Paddling Down the River Denial (January 12, 2011)
  • The Fox (News) That Jumped the Shark (December 16, 2010)
  • Click here for an archive of Butterfield columns

    -------------------

    Some details about NewEnergyNews and the man behind the curtain: Herman K. Trabish, Agua Dulce, CA., Doctor with my hands, Writer with my head, Student of New Energy and Human Experience with my heart

    email: herman@NewEnergyNews.net

    -------------------

    -------------------

      A tip of the NewEnergyNews cap to Phillip Garcia for crucial assistance in the design implementation of this site. Thanks, Phillip.

    -------------------

    Pay a visit to the HARRY BOYKOFF page at Basketball Reference, sponsored by NewEnergyNews and Oil In Their Blood.

  • ---------------
  • FRIDAY WORLD, September 30:

  • Does The Oil And Gas Industry Finally See Climate Change?
  • Roadmap To The World New Energy Future Updated
  • Where In The World Better Solar Is Being Made
  • Windmaker Designing Wind Storage System

    Tuesday, August 02, 2016

    TODAY’S STUDY: The Climate Problem From Too Much NatGas

    A Bridge Too Far: How Appalachian Basin Gas Pipeline Expansion Will Undermine U.S. Climate Goals

    July 2016 (Oil Change International, et al)

    Executive Summary

    This report details the increasing threat to the climate from American natural gas production. We document the emergence of the Appalachian Basin as the key source of projected natural gas production growth in the coming decades. We also identify the proposed pipelines that would enable that growth, and how this gas production would undermine national and global climate goals.

    In the early 1990’s, many promoted natural gas as a “bridge” to a clean energy future. Despite 25 years of changing economics, technology, and climate science, some in government and industry still believe in this bridge over a gap that no longer exists. This report rebuts the remaining “natural gas as bridge fuel” arguments and recommends constraining gas production by applying a climate test to the permitting of all gas pipeline proposals. Energy policy must align with climate science.

    KEY POINTS

    f Current projections for U.S. natural gas production – fueled by the ongoing gas boom in the Appalachian Basin – are not aligned with safe climate goals, or the current U.S. long-term climate target.

    f Any analysis of the need for gas supply must be premised on national and international climate goals, not business-as-usual.

    f Currently there are 19 pending natural gas pipeline projects that will increase the takeaway capacity from the Appalachian Basin and enable a doubling in gas production from the region in the coming decade. Dozens of downstream projects are also planned.

    f With the 40-year plus lifespan of gas pipelines and power plants, new pipelines would lock in unsustainable levels of gas production, as investors and operators will have financial incentive to maximize production once initial investment is complete.

    f Reducing methane leakage is important, but it does not provide a license to grow production.

    f The Obama Administration must work to align FERC and all government agency decisions with safe climate goals. A Climate Test is essential for all decisions regarding fossil fuels: www.climatetest.org

    f It doesn’t have to be this way. Clean energy technology is here now, affordable, and ready to meet our needs

    THE APPALACHIAN BASIN IS THE KEY SOURCE OF POTENTIAL U.S. GAS PRODUCTION GROWTH

    In the past decade, natural gas production in the Appalachian Basin has experienced unprecedented growth – particularly in the Marcellus and Utica shale formations in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Ohio. As a result of the use of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and horizontal drilling to access previously inaccessible gas formations, gas production from the Appalachian Basin has growth 13-fold since 2009, reaching over 18 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in 2015.

    It is widely expected that production in the Appalachian Basin region will double over current levels by the early 2030s. In 2010, the Appalachian Basin produced just four percent of U.S. gas production, but by 2030 it could provide around 50 percent.

    THE PIPELINE RUSH WOULD UNLOCK NEW GAS

    To support this planned huge expansion of production, the industry wants to build infrastructure, and in particular, pipelines. Dozens of proposed pipeline projects in the region are currently being considered for permitting by FERC. Of these, there are 19 key pending pipeline projects that would unlock at least 15.2 Bcf/d of production. Building these pipelines would enable the Appalachian Basin to expand production well beyond current levels. All together, these 19 pending pipeline projects would enable 116 trillion cubic feet of additional gas production by 2050.

    U.S. GAS PRODUCTION GROWTH IS OUT OF SYNC WITH CLIMATE GOALS

    The potential for further growth in gas production represents a major challenge for U.S. climate policy. The Paris Agreement on climate change, signed by 178 nations as of June 2016, establishes the goal of “holding the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above preindustrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above preindustrial levels.”1 The current U.S. longterm climate target – which may not be enough to achieve the ‘well below 2 degrees’ goal set in Paris – is an emissions cut of 83 percent from 2005 levels by 2050.2

    The U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) latest projection for U.S. gas supply and demand (Annual Energy Outlook 2016) shows a 55 percent increase in production and a 24 percent increase in consumption by 2040. The difference between the greater rise in production than consumption would go to export, making the U.S. a major exporter of natural gas in the coming decades. This projection also sees U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions declining only around 4 percent from 2015 levels, in stark contrast to the climate leadership this Administration has strived for.

    The currently planned gas production expansion in Appalachia would make meeting U.S. climate goals impossible, even if the Administration’s newly proposed methane rules are successful in reducing methane leakage by 45 percent. Our calculations show that the rise in gas consumption projected by the EIA would alone lead to emissions that would surpass the current long-term U.S. climate target by 2040, even after accounting for methane leakage cuts. This ignores the emissions from the production (and consumption) of exported gas. In other words, even if gas were the only source of greenhouse gases in 2040, it would still blow the U.S. carbon budget. This makes it clear that the growing use of gas is out of sync with U.S. climate goals (see Figure ES-1).

    New gas power plants and pipelines are designed to last at least 40 years. Once the initial capital has been spent on them, they will likely operate even at a loss to the detriment of cleaner sources. It makes more sense to avoid these investments now and instead allow clean energy technologies to fulfill their maximum potential.

    When President Obama made the historic decision to deny the Presidential Permit for the Keystone XL pipeline, he did so because, in his words: “America is now a global leader when it comes to taking serious action to fight climate change. And frankly, approving this project would have undercut that global leadership. And that’s the biggest risk we face – not acting.

    RECOMMENDATIONS

    Not acting to constrain gas production and consumption to within science-based climate limits is a major risk. The planned gas pipelines in the Appalachian Basin simply cannot be built if the U.S. is to achieve climate goals. Gas pipelines and other fossil fuel projects must be considered in light of climate targets. Specifically:

    f All federal government agencies and departments, including FERC, should apply a climate test in the permitting processes of all fossil fuel infrastructure, including in Programmatic Environmental Impact Statements.

    f No new natural gas pipeline projects should be considered unless they can pass a climate test. The climate test should be applied to all currently pending and future pipeline applications.

    f The EIA should provide detailed guidance in its Outlook reports for U.S. fossil fuel supply and demand under various climate goals, including the nation’s long-term climate goal, a 2°C path, and a 1.5°C path.

    RENEWABLE ENERGY IS READY

    Renewable energy is already set to become the dominant source of new generation, replacing coal and gas with zero-carbon power. In many parts of the U.S., renewable energy is today the lowest-cost and lowest-impact means to add generation capacity to our electricity system. Battery storage and grid management technology are ready to even out the intermittency of wind and solar. Widely held assumptions about the need for fossil fuel baseload power and limits to renewable energy penetration are unravelling fast. It is increasingly clear that the clean energy sector is poised to transform our energy system.

    There is nothing standing in the way of building the renewable energy capacity we need to sustain our electricity needs – except maybe the entrenched interests of the natural gas industry. Renewables are the clear choice for future energy production, and natural gas is simply a bridge too far.

    IFTTT Recipe: Share new blog posts to Facebook connects blogger to facebook

    0 Comments:

    Post a Comment

    << Home

  • >