NewEnergyNews: 04/01/2021 - 05/01/2021

NewEnergyNews

Gleanings from the web and the world, condensed for convenience, illustrated for enlightenment, arranged for impact...

The challenge now: To make every day Earth Day.

YESTERDAY

  • Weekend Video: Time To Bring New Energy Home
  • Weekend Video: The Return Of Big Solar
  • Weekend Video: New Ways To Get At Geothermal
  • THE DAY BEFORE

  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-Paying Fairer Shares In The Climate Fight
  • FRIDAY WORLD HEADLINE-New Energy Can Improve Global Health Care
  • THE DAY BEFORE THE DAY BEFORE

    THINGS-TO-THINK-ABOUT WEDNESDAY, April 14:

  • TTTA Wednesday-ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Differences Between Energy Markets
  • TTTA Wednesday- Biden Admin To Ensure Jobs Plan Protects Equity – DOE Head
  • THE DAY BEFORE THAT

  • SoCalEdison’s Newest Plan To Mitigate Wildfires
  • THE LAST DAY UP HERE

  • Weekend Video: New Energy Means New Jobs
  • Weekend Video: Better Communication About The Climate Crisis
  • Weekend Video: VW Affirms Driving Is Ready To Go Electric
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    Founding Editor Herman K. Trabish

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    Some details about NewEnergyNews and the man behind the curtain: Herman K. Trabish, Agua Dulce, CA., Doctor with my hands, Writer with my head, Student of New Energy and Human Experience with my heart

    email: herman@NewEnergyNews.net

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      A tip of the NewEnergyNews cap to Phillip Garcia for crucial assistance in the design implementation of this site. Thanks, Phillip.

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    Pay a visit to the HARRY BOYKOFF page at Basketball Reference, sponsored by NewEnergyNews and Oil In Their Blood.

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  • MONDAY’S STUDY AT NewEnergyNews, April 19:
  • San Diego Gas & Electric’s Industry-Leading Plan To Fight Wildfires

    Monday, April 19, 2021

    San Diego Gas & Electric’s Industry-Leading Plan To Fight Wildfires

    San Diego Gas & Electric Company 2020‐2022 Wildfire Mitigation Plan Update San Diego Gas & Electric Company 2020‐2022 Wildfire Mitigation Plan Update

    February 5, 2021 (San Diego Gas and Electric)

    Executive Summary

    The COVID‐19 pandemic, as well as social and political unrest, all presented significant societal challenges in 2020, while catastrophic wildfires continued to threaten communities and the environment during the year. In fact, the scale and scope of California wildfires in 2020 occurred at an unprecedented level. The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection’s (CAL FIRE) website reports that the 2020 August Complex Fire burned over one million acres, making it the largest wildfire in California history. Indeed, five of the six largest fires in California history occurred in 2020. Unfortunately, these wildfires caused deaths and the destruction of property and natural resources.

    In San Diego Gas & Electric Company’s (SDG&E or Company) service territory, the most significant fire of 2020 was the Valley Fire, burning 16,390 acres and causing significant property damage, as well as the interruption of electric service after burning 119 wood poles. While the ignition of the Valley Fire, and many of the other major fires of 2020, were not linked to utility equipment, these fires and their consequences nevertheless reinforce the continued importance of taking dramatic action to mitigate the risk of climate change‐driven catastrophic wildfires in California, including potential utility‐caused wildfires.

    Safety is SDG&E’s top value, and virtually no activity implicates safety more than wildfire prevention. SDG&E has focused on wildfire prevention and mitigation activities for more than a decade, and it strives to be the industry leader in this area. In the aftermath of the catastrophic October 2007 wildfires in SDG&E’s service territory and across Southern California, SDG&E dedicated itself to revamping and enhancing its wildfire prevention and mitigation measures across a wide spectrum of disciplines and activities. Many of the initiatives described in this 2021 Wildfire Mitigation Plan Update (WMP or Plan), such as hardening the overhead electric system, are an outgrowth of the efforts that began after the October 2007 wildfires. And many of those initiatives were undertaken without any precedent or road map for SDG&E to follow.

    A prime example is SDG&E’s ability to forecast fire danger. SDG&E developed an in‐house meteorology team to forecast fire danger and enable the Company to undertake advanced preparations for severe weather events. SDG&E built the first of its kind network of dense, utility‐owned weather stations to provide detailed weather data across the service territory, which informs day‐to‐day operational decision‐making at all levels of the Company. Additionally – and as a last resort when conditions warrant – SDG&E pioneered the use of de‐ energization (i.e., Public Safety Power Shutoffs or PSPS) to protect public safety from major wildfires. SDG&E openly shared its experience, lessons learned, and technological advancements in weather and wildfire mitigation with other investor‐owned utilities (IOUs), state agencies, and stakeholders in the fire community, with the objective of improving wildfire prevention across California and the West.

    An effective wildfire mitigation program includes a safe and hardened electrical grid that is rigorously inspected and maintained. Informed by meteorological data, SDG&E developed xi design standards by considering the localized wind conditions for grid hardening. While SDG&E utilized PLS‐CADD design tools for its transmission line designs for many years, it began applying this tool to its grid hardening work for its distribution system, which improved modeling and designs.

    SDG&E also developed the Wildfire Risk Reduction Model (WRRM) to enable risk assessment and prioritize its distribution grid hardening approach. SDG&E has shared this work with other utilities, which has led to a similar statewide approach. The WRRM Operations (WRRM‐Ops) tool was developed in recent years advancing the use of the WRRM model to understand fire propagation and is used during live fire incidents. In the last year and in order to reduce PSPS impacts to SDG&E’s customers, grid hardening has included strategic undergrounding of the distribution system in the High Fire Threat District (HFTD) and instituting generator programs for some of the customers experiencing PSPS events.

    In addition, an effective wildfire mitigation program requires a wildfire safety culture that values life‐safety over reliability, and partners with stakeholders in public safety, academia, and the private sector, to form a fire‐safe community. Community collaboration and customer outreach are essential. SDG&E has continued its culture of engagement with the communities who live in the HFTD through conducting Wildfire Safety Fairs and community meetings. Outreach and collaboration with community safety partners led to the development of robust communications and a camera network to assist fire agencies serving in the HFTD areas. Among the many stakeholder collaboration activities, SDG&E established a Wildfire Safety Community Advisory Council (WSCAC) comprised of leaders from the following groups in the San Diego region: public safety partners, communications and water service providers, local and tribal government officials, business groups, non‐profits, Access and Functional Needs (AFN) and vulnerable communities, and academic organizations. These meetings are held quarterly and are highly regarded as an effective means to discuss wildfire issues and receive input from WSCAC members on relevant emerging community issues on wildfire safety and preparedness.

    SDG&E continues to innovate and improve wildfire mitigation initiatives to keep its communities safe through situational awareness, prevention, communication, and collaboration. Despite an unusually challenging year, SDG&E advanced its wildfire mitigation initiatives in 2020 and will continue to do so in 2021, as highlighted below.

    Risk Assessment and Mapping

    SDG&E continues its ongoing development and implementation of the WRRM and WRRM Ops models that began in collaboration with Technosylva in 2013. These models have become a template for the development of similar models across the state…

    Situational Awareness and Forecasting

    As a result of the hottest summer on record, well below normal rainfall, and nine Red Flag Warnings issued for the SDG&E service territory, the risk of catastrophic wildfires was significant in 2020. Due to fire weather conditions in 2020, SDG&E initiated an above‐normal number of PSPS events. But SDG&E was well prepared for the weather and climate‐driven events of 2020 through the significant enhancements it made to its situational awareness and forecasting capabilities before the start of the season. SDG&E’s weather station network, the world’s first utility‐owned network of its kind, is foundational to SDG&E’s ability to understand and predict the potential impact of extreme fire weather events and the localized impacts on the communities in the service territory. In 2020, SDG&E installed 30 additional weather stations, which was the largest expansion of the network since 2011, increasing the footprint to 220 stations…

    Grid Design and System Hardening

    SDG&E’s grid hardening initiatives began after the 2007 fires in its service territory. Since then, SDG&E has completed over 400 miles of transmission lines and over 800 miles of distribution lines. With a focus on wildfire risk and reducing PSPS impacts, there were several grid hardening accomplishments in 2020. Overhead hardening continued to progress with the completion of 48.8 miles of transmission and 157.6 miles of distribution. After developing the required work methods and construction standards, two miles of covered conductor were installed, paving the way for more installations in future years…

    Asset Management and Inspections

    To prevent wildfires and safely operate its grid, SDG&E conducts various mandated and discretionary asset management and inspection programs to enable identification and repair of equipment conditions. These programs include detailed cyclical inspections, infrared inspections, intrusive wood pole inspections, light detection and ranging (LiDAR) surveys, additional HFTD Tier 3 focused inspections, drone inspections, annual aerial and ground patrols, and quality assurance of inspections. New programs in 2020 included the drone inspections on the distribution and transmission grid, and infrared inspections on the distribution system. SDG&E completed drone inspections on approximately 1,450 transmission structures and over 37,000 distribution structures. SDG&E completed infrared inspections on the distribution xiv system for approximately 13,000 distribution structures. These new programs allowed SDG&E to more thoroughly assess the condition of its facilities.

    Vegetation Management and Inspections

    SDG&E continues to enhance its vegetation management activities. In 2020, the vegetation management program continued its success by conducting the activities of tracking and maintaining its database of inventory trees, routing and enhanced patrolling, pruning and removing hazardous trees, replacing unsafe trees with species compatible with powerlines, and pole brushing. This resulted in inspections of over 451,000 trees, trimming over 173,000 trees, and removing over 10,000 trees. This was the first complete year SDG&E pursued the enhanced clearance of up to 25 feet for targeted species, leading to over 13,000 trees trimmed and over 3,900 trees removed in the HFTD. SDG&E completed pole brushing on over 36,000 poles.

    Grid Operations and Protocols

    When an elevated or extreme fire weather conditions are forecasted, SDG&E remotely enables Sensitive Relay Profile (SRP) on its system, which is designed to make dynamic protective devices such as reclosers and circuit breakers more sensitive to faults on the overhead distribution system and activate quickly to interrupt power. SDG&E pre‐identifies and maintains a list of these devices and can quickly communicate with its distribution operations control center to enable SRP when conditions warrant and in observance of wildfire safety efforts. Enhancements to this process include generating a tool that supports a yearly analysis of every device in Tier 2 or Tier 3 of the HFTD to flag SRP setpoints that need to be verified due to changing load. In 2020, reviews and updates were also completed to maintain optimal operational logic for SRP. An additional enhancement was made to improve the configuration management process and consolidate the baselining of distribution line‐side settings into a single tool we use for other settings management. These enhancements provide a means to further ensure a safer grid…After a Red Flag Warning is issued by the National Weather Service, SDG&E follows customer notification cadences mandated by the Commission…To compliment the above traditional means of notification, SDG&E launched several new ways to notify and communicate with its customers in 2020…

    • Alerts by SDG&E PSPS phone application

    • Leveraging the Nextdoor app/platform

    • Changeable and moveable roadside signs

    • Tribal Nation casino and school marquees

    • Enhanced AM radio spots..

    • Expanded partnerships with 2‐1‐1 San Diego and 2‐1‐1 Orange County…

    Data Governance

    SDG&E’s data governance initiatives encompass both its enterprise‐wide efforts and efforts specific to wildfire mitigation and prevention. The enterprise‐wide initiative seeks to build a central data repository and establish an asset data foundation integrating key asset‐related attributes to enable predictive health analyses and risk modeling and improve inspection/assessment strategies and prioritization…

    Resource Allocation Methodology

    SDG&E’s resource allocation process is best described in terms of an enterprise‐level methodology and a program‐level methodology…

    Emergency Planning and Preparedness

    SDG&E’s Emergency Management department coordinates safe and effective emergency preparedness for the Company, customers, and emergency response personnel. To respond appropriately to any incident while adhering to the COVID‐19 conditions, SDG&E’s Emergency Operations Center (EOC) developed a new response approach in 2020 consisting of tiered staffing plans, with a largely virtual response…

    Stakeholder Cooperation and Community Engagement

    SDG&E recognizes that collaboration, best practice sharing, and the exchange of lessons learned is of the utmost importance to protect public safety. SDG&E regularly solicits feedback from communities it serves in an effort to identify gaps…

    Saturday, April 17, 2021

    Time To Bring New Energy Home

    What customers want is important to utilties. Surveys show some need to hear more from the people they serve. From NationalSierraClub via YouTube

    The Return Of Big Solar

    This exciting concept has not succeeded in the past because of cost and technical barriers, but it deserves more attention. Particle power may be the solution. From U.S. Department of Energy via YouTube

    New Ways To Get At Geothermal

    The opportunity has always been there, but now it’s getting easier to get at the earth's deep heat. From greenmanbucket via YouTube

    Friday, April 16, 2021

    Paying Fairer Shares In The Climate Fight

    What a fair climate target looks like for the US, the largest historical carbon emitter Biden is about to announce a new 2030 climate target. Will it go far enough? Lili Pike, April 9, 2021 (VOX)

    “… [To reassure the world that the US takes the climate threat seriously, the Biden] administration is considering a goal to cut emissions somewhere between 48 and 53 percent from 2005 levels by 2030…[and] many recent studies show it is within reach…[But a new report finds the US responsibility should be reductions in 2030 of] 195 percent…[to contribute] ‘fair share’ toward tackling climate change, as the world’s largest historical emitter and wealthiest nation…

    ...[It] stretches the imagination compared to other proposals…But that’s the point…[O]nce carbon dioxide molecules enter the atmosphere, they linger for hundreds of years — so past emissions are still very much shaping the trajectory of global warming…

    …[T]he new report also proposed a corresponding financial commitment…[of] somewhere in the order of $1.6 trillion by 2030….Just reaching 50 percent cuts will require a significant economy-wide effort, including phasing out all US coal plants by 2030…” click here for more

    New Energy Can Improve Global Health Care

    Will Renewable Energy Transform Health Care?

    Jane Marsh, April 12, 2021 (AltEnergyMag)

    “…Renewables can benefit any industry, but their impact on the medical sector could be transformative. The efficiency and flexibility of renewable energy could make healthcare more affordable and accessible on top of the usual sustainability improvements…The sector accounts for 10% of all greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S., thanks to its massive energy needs…[And medical] organizations generate a considerable amount of waste…Renewable energy won’t lessen the waste problem, but it will help mitigate its impact... With renewables, hospitals would generate much of their own energy instead of buying it from a utility company…

    …[S]olar windows can generate green power while providing more natural light. Studies show that patients exposed to natural light take 22% less pain medication per hour… [That] could make treatment more affordable…Solar panels and turbines don't require a connection to an electrical grid, making energy more flexible…[allowing] care in remote areas away from reliable electrical infrastructure…[and providing] backup energy for those without a reliable grid…[making health care] far more accessible…[Solar-powered refrigeration can allow the safe transport of vaccines and other] sensitive medical supplies safely…If more medical organizations embraced renewable energy, the industry would become more sustainable, affordable, accessible, and responsive…” click here for more

    Wednesday, April 14, 2021

    ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Differences Between Energy Markets

    Want to know how to pick an energy market? Watch the Mountain West power providers; Xcel Colorado just joined California’s imbalance market, SPP will offer imbalance services, and researchers have proposed a Colorado-centric system, but what do power providers want?

    Herman K. Trabish, Jan. 4, 2021 (Utility Dive)

    Editor’s note: Since this story ran, both CAISO and SPP have accelerated their efforts and added participants.

    In the race between system operators to capture power providers in the rich Mountain West energy market from New Mexico to Idaho, the California Independent System Operator (CAISO) took the lead in 2020, but two competitors are at its heels.

    CAISO pulled ahead of the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) by adding Xcel Energy's Colorado subsidiary to its Western real-time balancing market and filing its initial proposal for expanding to day-ahead trading during the summer. But SPP recently won approval from federal regulators for a Western real-time market to expand its regional system. And some Colorado power providers want their own market.

    A January Brattle Group study showing "greater potential to lower production costs" for Xcel in CAISO's energy imbalance market (EIM) than in SPP's proposed energy imbalance service (EIS) was decisive in its choice of CAISO, Xcel Energy - Colorado President Alice Jackson said. But CAISO's day-ahead market is undefined, SPP's WEIS is not yet fully defined, and "a single market solution for Colorado would be preferable," she acknowledged.

    Economic pressures and policy initiatives driving traditional generation closures and variable renewables growth make an imbalance market for the West's 39 balancing areas necessary, power providers and stakeholders said. But SPP and CAISO offerings are just emerging, and some in Colorado say a single state marketplace for Colorado power providers would be wiser until other options are defined with more certainty.

    President-elect Biden is committed to meeting climate challenges and national policy is building from the states toward clean energy and zero emissions targets, Western Grid Group Managing Director Amanda Ormond said. "To meet those goals, utilities need to be part of . The only bad option is not choosing one."

    With major utilities in the Southeast and the Mountain West now moving to seize the economic and reliability opportunities that power markets offer, the decision by Mountain West policymakers, power providers and stakeholders on which path to take could be instructive about what market structures most effectively offer those opportunities… click here for more

    Biden Admin To Ensure Jobs Plan Protects Equity – DOE Head

    Granholm: American Jobs Plan will prioritize communities struggling with loss of coal, oil and gas jobs

    Emma Penrod, April 9, 2021 (Utility Dive)

    “…[The federal government will] ensure new clean energy jobs will benefit communities suffering from the loss of conventional coal, oil or gas jobs, U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm said…[Michigan's economic pivot to producing electric vehicles and batteries during her tenure as governor showed] investment in clean energy infrastructure could do the same for other U.S. communities…

    The jobs plan calls for an immediate $50 million investment in transportation projects, the expansion of high-speed wireless service to 98% of the nation's residents, and the creation of a $10 billion National Infrastructure Bank to fund additional public works as needed…[Granholm said] it is important that 40% of the benefits of the American Jobs Plan go to communities currently being left behind or that have historically borne the heath consequences of fossil energy generation…

    The American Jobs Act will target coal, oil and natural gas producing areas with projects to reduce emissions and to deploy carbon capture and hydrogen demonstration projects…The Biden administration could, through its federal purchasing power, mandate certain employment targets or job training requirements…The DOE's loan office could also set similar standards…[and] the Biden administration could prioritize particular census tracts for competitive grants and tax credits…” click here for more

    Monday, April 12, 2021

    SoCalEdison’s Newest Plan To Mitigate Wildfires

    Southern California Edison 2021 Wildfire Mitigation Plan Update

    February 5, 2021 (SCE)

    Executive Summary

    Southern California Edison Company is dedicated to the safety of our customers and the communities we serve. In this report, we set forth our update to the Commission-approved 2020-2022 Wildfire Mitigation Plan (WMP). Our 2021 WMP Update builds on the successes of our WMP implementation to date, incorporates the lessons we learned during WMP deployment and reflects the continued progress we made in our analytical, engineering and process maturity in 2020.

    In recent years, Californians have increasingly experienced unprecedented and destructive wildfires that have threatened their lives, livelihoods and communities. 2020 was the worst year on record, with nearly 10,000 fires burning over 4.2 million acres and consuming about 4% of all land in California, which served as a stark reminder that evolving climate change brings more extreme weather and impacts. Prolonged periods of high temperatures and drought, record-high winds and lightning storms, significant buildup of dry fuel, and continued development in the wildland urban interface are increasing the number of wildfires and making them more dangerous. Action, collaboration and partnership among utilities, regulators, communities, agencies and other stakeholders focused on reducing the probability and consequence of wildfires continue to be of paramount importance.

    Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, we met or exceeded nearly all the goals in our 2020 plan. We installed over 960 circuit miles of covered conductor, over 6,000 fire-resistant poles and 590 weather stations while removing more than 12,200 hazard trees that could fall into power lines and lead to ignitions.

    Our 2021 WMP Update proposes:

    • Additional grid hardening,

    • Enhanced inspection and repair programs,

    • Continuation of aggressive vegetation management,

    • Increased situational awareness and response, and

    • Augmented activities for Public Safety Power Shutoff (PSPS) resilience and community engagement, particularly for underrepresented groups and our access and functional needs (AFN) customers.

    This WMP update also outlines how we have matured in our wildfire mitigation capabilities and our longterm plan to further advance our risk-informed decision-making, data management, grid hardening and community engagement before, during and after wildfire-related events.

    While we have made considerable progress, we continue to look for opportunities to improve. We want to thank California’s leadership — lawmakers and various agency personnel — for addressing this critically important public safety issue. We are proud of our partnership with local governments, first responders and the general public, who have come together to further reduce the risk of potentially devastating wildfires.

    SCE’S WMP REAFFIRMS OUR COMMITMENT TO WILDFIRE MITIGATION AND PSPS RESILIENCE

    The primary objective of our WMP is to safeguard public safety. This update includes an actionable, measurable and adaptive plan for 2021 and 2022 to reduce the risk of potential wildfire-causing ignitions associated with our electrical infrastructure in high fire risk areas (HFRA).

    At the same time, we are intensely aware of the impact of planned WMP work and PSPS events on our customers and communities, especially when compounded with the restrictions and disruptions from the COVID-19 pandemic. Our WMP aims to strike the appropriate balance between mitigating the risk of wildfires and these inevitable challenges, and we are committed to enhanced transparency, communication, coordination and resiliency to help mitigate the hardships caused by de-energization events.

    Other key objectives of our WMP include:

    • Increasing the resilience of our infrastructure to help minimize service disruptions during fires, regardless of ignition source

    • Improving fire agencies’ ability to detect and respond to emerging fires

    • Improving coordination between utility, state and local emergency management personnel

    • Reducing the impact of wildfires and wildfire mitigation efforts, including PSPS

    • Effectively engaging the public about preparing for, preventing, and mitigating wildfires in our HFRA

    In 2020, we successfully concluded or operationalized several WMP activities. 1 We have also added seven activities based on updated engineering assessments, ignition risk analysis and community feedback. Our 2021 WMP Update includes 39 activities that underscore our commitment to allocate significant resources to further reduce the risk of wildfires and support our communities. 2 We highlight some of the key activities for each of our wildfire mitigation capabilities below that were, in part, shaped by the successes and lessons learned since we started our targeted wildfire mitigation efforts in 2018.

    Grid Design and System Hardening: Expanded Measures Are Expected to Further Reduce Wildfire Risk From Overhead Electric Systems…

    Asset Management and Inspections: Structures Responsible for 99% of the Wildfire Risk Will Be Inspected…

    Vegetation Management: New Platform Will Increase Efficiency and Enable Advanced Analytics…

    Situational Awareness and Weather Forecasting: Additional Weather Stations, Satellite Imagery and Advanced Technology Will Boost Capabilities…

    Grid Operations and Protocols: Resources Dedicated to Refining Circuit-Specific Measures…

    Emergency Planning and Preparedness: Trained Workforce Is Ready to Restore Power and Assist Customers…

    Stakeholder Cooperation and Community Engagement: Strong Partnerships Increase Outreach to Hardto Reach Customer Groups, Provide Aerial Resources for Fire Agencies…

    Risk Assessment and Mapping: Improved Risk Models and Incorporating PSPS Risks Will Help Prioritize Work Even More Effectively…

    Resource Allocation Methodology: Risk Analysis Along with Operational Considerations Help Us Direct Our Resources…

    Data Governance: Focus on Data Quality Will Enable Next-Generation Geospatial and Risk Analytics and Automated Processing of Inspection Images…

    SCE IS DETERMINED TO IMPROVE PSPS PROTOCOLS AND MITIGATE PSPS IMPACTS

    PSPS is a necessary mitigation to protect public safety under extreme conditions that we use as a last resort. We recognize and appreciate the impact of PSPS events on our customers. Keeping the lights on, and everything else electricity powers, is in our DNA, and we do not take lightly any decision to proactively de-energize portions of the grid. Though the frequency and scope of PSPS events are expected to lessen as we execute our WMP activities, PSPS will have to remain available as a tool to mitigate wildfire risk during severe weather and high Fire Potential Index events. In 2019 and 2020, our post-patrols found approximately 60 incidents of wind-related damage that could have potentially caused ignitions, and there were likely many more that could not be observed after the events.

    Our highly trained PSPS IMT plans and executes our PSPS protocols designed to maximize effectiveness while reducing the negative impacts to customers, by limiting de-energizations to specific circuit segments and facilitating the swift and safe restoration of power. In 2020, we transitioned to a dedicated IMT model for knowledge continuity and operational consistency from event to event and to help focus on continuous improvement between events.

    By all accounts, 2020 was an extreme weather and fire season. In fact, five of the six largest wildfires in California’s history took place last year and average rainfall totals across Central and Southern California remained 50%-75% below normal through mid-January 2021. Such drought conditions, coupled with exceedingly low fuel moisture and very strong wind gusts, increased the risk for ignition and spread of catastrophic wildfires, putting us on alert for, and at times necessitating, PSPS events. Firefighting resources were strained in our service area and across the state, and the dry fuels accumulation increased the potential consequence of any ignition. The threats posed by these abnormal weather conditions meant that many customers were affected on multiple occasions, including holidays and while customers were trying to work and attend classes from home in compliance with stay-at-home orders.

    Despite the adverse conditions, 2020 demonstrated the extraordinary efforts of the women and men of our company to prepare for and conduct necessary PSPS to protect life and property, partner with communities, fire agencies and other stakeholders and support our customers in time-tested, novel and sometimes individualized ways. Compared to 2019, we were able to reduce the average duration of PSPS events by 33% and customer minutes of interruption by 22%. Of the circuits de-energized in 2019, 46% did not experience PSPS in 2020. We also considerably increased utilization of sectionalization devices to limit the scope of PSPS and the largest event in 2020 impacted 38% fewer customers than the largest event in 2019.

    We are investing in enhanced circuit mitigations, customer care, external communication, notification processes and technologies. This includes expanding circuit-specific grid hardening and PSPS mitigation plans, especially for frequently impacted circuits. For example, our current plans for 2021 include installation of covered conductor on more than 100 circuit segments that were de-energized during PSPS events. We are assessing potential expansion of this scope. We are also refining our PSPS thresholds informed by improved weather and fire modeling along with completed grid hardening. In 2020, we contracted with 56 Community Resource Centers, an increase of 300% over 2019, and deployed eight Community Crew Vehicles to provide information and services to customers during PSPS de-energization events and will continue to provide this support in 2021. In this upcoming year, we are expanding our customer care portfolio to better support Medical Baseline customers and help with community resiliency zones. We are redesigning our grid protocols and customer notifications processes to address specific concerns and feedback from county partners and are collaborating with heavily impacted communities for education, outreach and critical infrastructure planning support to help other entities providing critical services be more resilient as well.

    Of the customers who experienced PSPS de-energizationsin 2020, approximately 27,000 fewer customers are expected to experience PSPS events in 2021 under the same weather conditions. Almost half of these customers are not expected to experience PSPS again.

    Notwithstanding improved PSPS operations, more of our customers experienced PSPS de-energizations in 2020 largely due to weather, and our communication efforts did not meet the needs and expectations of our customers and agency partners. In light of recent feedback, we are taking a fresh and hard look at finding ways to further reduce PSPS de-energizations and meet community and regulatory expectations in terms of sharing our PSPS decision-making approach; keeping our customers informed more effectively; improving communication and coordination with regulators, local governments, fire agencies and other partners; and providing our customers, especially Medical Baseline and AFN customers, with more resiliency options and financial help. The action plan we submit on Feb. 12, 2021 will provide details on the concrete steps we will take to deliver tangible improvements. We can and will do better going forward.

    FURTHER ADVANCEMENTS IN SCE’S WILDFIRE CAPABILITY MATURITY EXPECTED THROUGH 2025

    We have made great strides in developing our wildfire mitigation capabilities, going beyond minimum regulatory requirements in several key areas, increasingly relying on data and advanced analytics to plan and prioritize resource allocation for wildfire risk mitigation and establishing robust operational processes for planning, preparedness and stakeholder engagement. For example, we have incorporated risk, as determined by predictive modeling of equipment failure and consequences, to schedule inspections. We are maintaining our advanced capabilities in several areas, including emergency planning and preparedness. One of the critical areas we are focusing on this year and the near future is better data management, advanced analytics and automation that will be foundational to our continued progress in grid hardening, asset management, vegetation management and grid operations among other activities…

    SCE DRIVES IMPROVEMENTS THROUGH APPROPRIATE USE OF METRICS

    Metrics and underlying data are critical components for WMP development, execution and evaluation, but we continue to emphasize that the near-term focus should be on efficient implementation of our planned activities, while the assessment of whether the activities are having the desired and expected impact on risk reduction should be measured over a longer time horizon. A clear distinction is necessary between metrics that can help monitor compliance with approved WMPs and those that can help evaluate the effectiveness of these approved plans and inform future WMP updates…

    WE WILL REMAIN ADAPTABLE IN 2021 TO IMPROVE AND ADDRESS EMERGENT ISSUES

    Our understanding of wildfire and PSPS risks and the efforts we need to undertake to effectively mitigate these risks has evolved over the last year based on new information and stakeholder feedback and 14 analysis, as discussed above. The scope and cost forecasts for 2021 and 2022 in this update are therefore different from what we set forth in our 2021 General Rate Case (GRC) filed in August 2019 and our 2020 WMP submitted in February 2020. We remain flexible to incorporate the guidance in our pending 2021 GRC Decision and hope and expect that the cost recovery mechanism approved there will reflect the dynamic scope of activities envisioned by the WMP annual update and change order processes. We will continue to reevaluate asset- and location-specific risks, benefits and mitigation needs, and will modify or adjust our plan accordingly to better utilize constrained resources and funds for risk reduction. Though regulatory and stakeholder expectations regarding wildfire mitigation continue to increase, we are always looking for operational efficiencies, and that aim — to prudently execute the appropriate scope of work — is no different for our wildfire mitigation activities.

    Finally, as evidenced in 2020, unexpected challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic may require us to change the work we do and how we do it, and we commit to vigilance and flexibility to meet emergent needs of our customers and the grid that serves them.

    CONCLUSION

    The 2020 wildfire season clearly demonstrated the continued urgency of wildfire prevention, response and emergency preparedness. Our employees work hard to help protect our customers and communities from the threat of wildfires. Despite the challenges presented by the pandemic, we met or exceeded nearly all the goals in our 2020 plan.

    At the same time, we know there are areas for improvement and more work to be done. Our 2021 WMP Update builds upon our Grid Safety and Resilience Plan, previous WMPs and our 2021 GRC proposal, incorporating progress made and lessons learned regarding wildfire mitigation since 2018. It includes additional inspections and remediations in targeted areas based on emergent fire weather conditions, augmenting our system hardening activities to target higher-risk conductor spans, switches and hardware, providing aerial fire-suppression resources such as helitankers to fire agencies and establishing central data platforms for next-generation data analytics and governance. It provides a plan that effectively demonstrates prudent operation of the grid and customer care with measurable and actionable targets.

    We are committed to finding opportunities to reduce the impacts of PSPS events on our customers. With another year of PSPS data to work with, we will continue to review opportunities to accelerate mitigations for circuits that are frequently subject to PSPS events so we can reduce the size, frequency and duration of these events. We will be expanding our battery backup program to include all income-qualified Medical Baseline customers in addition to critical care customers. Community outreach will continue, especially to AFN customers, emphasizing both PSPS readiness and emergency preparedness.

    We look forward to continuing to work with state policymakers, local government officials, CBOs and other stakeholders to build a more resilient California…

    Saturday, April 10, 2021

    New Energy Means New Jobs

    Change is difficult, but beyond the fear of New Energy is the huge New Energy opportunity. From YaleClimateConnections via YouTube

    Better Communication About The Climate Crisis

    Facts are winning. From greenmanbucket via YouTube

    VW Affirms Driving Is Ready To Go Electric

    VW’s “Emissions Gate” settlement has already begun funding the EV revolution, but now it’s upping its investment. From CNBC Television via YouTube

    Friday, April 09, 2021

    The Climate Crisis Is The World’s Biggest Worry – Survey

    UNESCO “World in 2030” Survey Report highlights youth concerns over climate change and biodiversity loss

    31 March 2021 (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization)

    “…UNESCO’s The World in 2030 Survey report] shows that climate change and loss of biodiversity was by far the most-selected challenge, chosen by 67% of respondents. People who identified this challenge were most worried about increasing natural disasters and extreme weather, biodiversity loss, risk of conflict or violence, impacts on oceans, and, critically, that there was less and less hope to be able to solve the problem.

    To address this challenge, respondents favored investment in green solutions, education on sustainability, promoting international cooperation, and building trust in science…[The report is based on more than 15,000 responses in 2020] to a global survey…The survey attracted younger respondents, 57% of them were under 35 years of age, and 35% under 25…[Climate change and loss of biodiversity was] chosen by 67% of respondents, followed by] violence and conflict (44%), discrimination and inequality (43%), and lack of food, water and housing (42%)…

    …[Education came out] as a crucial solution to every single challenge…While 95% of respondents said that cooperation between countries was important for overcoming these challenges, only one-in-four reported feeling confident that the world can ultimately achieve this…” click here for more

    Record New Energy Global Growth In 2020

    World Adds Record New Renewable Energy Capacity in 2020; Despite COVID-19 pandemic, more than 260GW of renewable energy capacity added globally in 2020, beating previous record by almost 50%

    5 April 2021 (International Renewable Energy Agency)

    “…[T]he world added more than 260 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity last year, exceeding expansion in 2019 by close to 50 per cent…IRENA’s annual Renewable Capacity Statistics 2021 shows that [despite the economic slowdown that resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic] renewable energy’s share of all new generating capacity rose considerably for the second year in a row. More than 80 per cent of all new electricity capacity added last year was renewable, with solar and wind accounting for 91 per cent of new renewables…[New Energy replaced decommissioned] fossil fuel power generation in Europe, North America and for the first time across Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation and Turkey)…

    Total fossil fuel additions fell to 60 GW in 2020 from 64 GW the previous year… At the end of 2020, global renewable generation capacity amounted to 2 799 GW with hydropower still accounting for the largest share (1 211 GW) although solar and wind are catching up fast. The two variable sources of renewables dominated capacity expansion in 2020 with 127 GW and 111 GW of new installations for solar and wind respectively…

    …China and the United States were the two outstanding growth markets from 2020. China, already the world’s largest market for renewables added 136 GW last year with the bulk coming from 72 GW of wind and 49 GW of solar. The United States installed 29 GW of renewables last year, nearly 80 per cent more than in 2019, including 15 GW of solar and around 14 GW of wind. Africa continued to expand steadily with an increase of 2.6 GW, slightly more than in 2019, while Oceania remained the fastest growing region (+18.4%), although its share of global capacity is small and almost all expansion occurred in Australia…” click here for more

    Wednesday, April 07, 2021

    ORIGINAL REPORTING: The Search For A Successor Solar Policy

    The search for the next net metering policy takes center stage in California; The nation’s biggest solar market now faces regulators’ biggest solar conundrum — the cost shift.

    Herman K. Trabish, Dec. 23, 2020 (Utility Dive)

    Editor’s note: The effort to defend traditional retail rate net energy metering is heating up.

    California’s long-awaited proceeding on distributed solar compensation may offer important answers to new questions about the costs of renewables that will come with the Biden energy transition. Net energy metering (NEM) compensates distributed solar owners for generation exported to the power system at the retail electricity rate. At low solar penetrations, that may not impose significant costs to other customers. But utilities and solar advocates differ on the cost-benefit balance at the higher penetrations now forecast by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA), and others.

    To get past the controversy, stakeholders across the U.S. are working toward a successor to NEM. "At the heart of any good successor tariff is the recognition that retail rate NEM overpays customer generators," Edison Electric Institute (EEI) Executive Director for Regulatory Affairs Adam Benshoff said. Because it is passed to other customers, it is "an unfair and unnecessary subsidy" and the best way to support distributed solar’s growth is "a properly designed NEM rate that doesn’t overcompensate."

    But imposing a successor tariff is premature in most states now because research shows "solar’s benefits to the grid exceed its costs when penetration is low," SEIA Vice President of State Affairs Sean Gallagher said. Research also shows that "at penetrations of 5% to 10%, the cost-benefit curve starts to flatten and a new policy that aligns customer behavior with grid needs can benefit both."

    For regulators, utilities and solar advocates who would design a new tariff to support solar growth, the challenge is to protect non-solar owning customers by balancing any increase in system fixed costs with the value of the system benefits from increased solar. A successor tariff that imposes more costs than benefits is unsustainable and distributed solar’s future is in a successor tariff that benefits all stakeholders, solar advocates and utilities agree. That is why attention is turning to California where the world’s fifth largest economy, with a 22.3% solar penetration, just opened a new proceeding to reconsider NEM.

    Because NEM begins to impact non-solar owning customers when penetrations reach 5% or more of peak demand, concerns about distributed solar’s costs and benefits begin with its forecasted growth. And distributed solar's growth was forecast to be "10% to 15% between 2023 to 2025" without extension of the federal tax credit, according to 2020 Q4 SEIA-Wood Mackenzie U.S. Solar Market Insight Report, released Dec. 15. The latest COVID-19 relief bill’s functional extension of the tax credit through 2025 and anticipated further support for clean energy from the incoming Biden administration seem likely to accelerate that growth. During Q3 2020, 17 states were working on successor tariffs to alter NEM compensation, the reported… click here for more

    Local Governments Still Driving New Energy

    Local governments set record for new renewable energy procurement in 2020, groups report

    Chris Teale, April 5, 2021 (Smart Cities Dive)

    Ninety-five local governments across 33 states procured 3,638 megawatts (MW) of new renewable energy generation capacity in 2020 through 143 deals, the largest amount of capacity ever added in one year…[The Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI)-World Resources Institute (WRI) Local Government Renewables Action Tracker] found 143 transactions, a 23% increase over 2019’s levels, [which] could generate enough electricity to power approximately 812,000 households annually…

    Solar was the most popular renewable energy to be procured, at 79% of all deals, followed by wind at 17% and geothermal at 4%...[T]he average size of those deals increased from 14 MW in 2015 to 26 MW in 2020…[Houston's agreement to purchase around 492 MW of off-site solar was] the largest solar procurement and largest renewable energy deal ever signed by a local government…and Los Angeles' purchase of 331 MW of wind power [was] the largest wind deal ever completed at the local level…Even with the federal government re-engaged in its efforts to reduce global warming, those involved with the research said a transition to renewable energy will be led locally…” click here for more

    Monday, April 05, 2021

    PG&E’s Plans To Mitigate Wildfires

    Pacific Gas and Electric Company 2021 Wildfire Mitigation Plan Report for Rulemaking 18-10-007

    February 5, 2021 (PG&E)

    Executive Summary

    A. Introduction

    Pacific Gas and Electric Company’s (PG&E) 2021 Wildfire Mitigation Plan (WMP) continues many of the actions undertaken in our 2019 and 2020 WMPs, but also reflects an evolution to a more precise, technology-based approach to measure and mitigate wildfire risk, lessons learned implementing the 2020 WMP, and feedback received from the Wildfire Safety Division (WSD), PG&E’s Federal Monitor, and many others as to areas that we can improve and gaps we should address. As the devastating 2020 fire season demonstrated, California’s climatedriven wildfire risks are increasing annually, and only focused and sustained mitigation efforts will be effective at reducing the threat and impact of wildfires facing all Californians.

    Our updated risk-modeling for the 2021 WMP benefits from both historical data (weather patterns, detailed information on previous ignitions, outages and other risk events, etc.) as well as state-of-the-art tools such as fire-spread technology that shows the locations where specific infrastructure failures can lead to ignitions that have the highest consequences for our communities. Leveraging this updated risk model and increased governance and oversight, going forward at least 80 percent of work performed in our key wildfire mitigation workstreams, System Hardening and Enhanced Vegetation Management (EVM), will be focused on assets in the top 20 percent of the highest risk circuit segments or in fire rebuild areas.

    In addition, PG&E’s 2021 WMP builds upon the successes and lessons learned in 2020, as well as the feedback we have received from the WSD and other stakeholders.

    Similar to previous WMPs, PG&E’s 2021 WMP has three overarching goals:

    (1) reducing wildfire ignition risk,

    (2) enhancing wildfire risk situational awareness, and

    (3) reducing the impact of PSPS events.

    In 2020, we acknowledged shortcomings and gaps in several programs where improvement is needed, including risk targeting and quality management of vegetation management work and the prioritization and execution timing of system inspections. These gaps were often identified as a result of feedback and input from the WSD and the Federal Monitor. We have listened carefully to this feedback and focused on addressing these gaps in 2021. The 2021 WMP articulates how we are closing those gaps and applying those learnings to other wildfire risk mitigation activities. In the remainder of this Executive Summary, we provide:

    • Section B: An overview of PG&E’s system and wildfire threats;

    • Section C: A summary of outcomes from the 2020 WMP;

    • Section D: An overview of risk modeling and prioritization tools;

    • Section E: Identification of gaps and lessons learned in 2020;

    • Section F: A table and summaries of PG&E’s wildfire risk mitigation activities;

    • Section G: A discussion of new technology and future improvements; and

    • Section H: Conclusion.

    B. PG&E’s System and Wildfire Threat Over half of PG&E’s service territory lies in the High Fire Threat Districts (HFTD) Tiers 2 and 3 as identified by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC or Commission) in 2018. 1 The wildfire threat in these areas has increased significantly over the past decade. For example, the U.S. Forest Service estimates that 147 million trees died in California from drought and invasive beetles from 2010-2018, which is just one of the factors that has contributed to the significant increasing in the size of the HFTDs within PG&E’s service territory. Unfortunately, 2020 was another unprecedented wildfire season with five of the six largest wildfires in California’s history occurring in 2020, all in PG&E’s service territory, including the first fire to ever impact over 1 million acres. 2 The unprecedented weather patterns, including late-summer dry lightning storms, that drove the 2020 wildfire season and continue to present significant wildfire risk and the need for PSPS events into January 2021 further indicate the unpredictable, dynamic, and growing nature of the wildfire risk we all face.

    Approximately 5,500 line-miles of electric transmission and 25,500 line-miles of distribution assets lie within these HFTDs, roughly one-third of PG&E’s total overhead assets. Many of these are long lines that serve low-density, non-urban customers and communities located within the “wildland-urban interface,” who face an increased fire risk. Approximately 10 percent of PG&E’s electric customers 3 reside within HFTD areas, and with population migration brought on by COVID-19 and other causes, the number of customers living in wildland-urban interfaces or HFTD areas may increase in coming years.

    C. 2020 WMP Outcome

    To reduce wildfire risk in our service territory, PG&E successfully implemented our 2020 WMP and substantially completed, and in some cases exceeded, the 38 commitments made in that plan. Some of the 2020 WMP accomplishments in our largest wildfire-related programs include:

    • System Hardening – Crews hardened 342 miles in HFTD areas, exceeding the 2020 WMP target of 221 miles

    • EVM – Crews completed 1,878 miles in 2020, exceeding the target of 1,800 miles, including completing two-thirds of the work in the first half of 2020, before peak wildfire season;

    • Smaller Public Safety Power Shutoff (PSPS) events – We took multiple actions that together made 2020 PSPS events 55 percent smaller than they would have been in 2019, which avoided a PSPS event for over 800,000 customers;

    • Shorter PSPS events – Crews restored power more than 40 percent faster in 2020 after severe weather passed, as compared to 2019. On average in 2020, post-PSPS inspections were completed and power was restored for customers 10 hours after the weather cleared, as compared to 17 hours in 2019; and,

    • Smarter PSPS events – Despite the challenges created by the COVID-19 pandemic, PG&E enhanced our partnership with communities and customers with better information before, during and after PSPS events. Due to various efforts, including adding staff to partner closely with Counties and Tribes and improving communication and data-sharing tools, the overwhelming feedback from Counties and Tribes was that their experience with 2020 PSPS events was improved. Similarly, our tools and resources provided to customers were substantially improved, especially for those customers who depend on power for medical or independent living needs, and Access and Functional Needs customers. We know that the hardship to customers impacted by PSPS is significant and there is still much room for improvement. But customers are seeing our progress. In a recent survey of over 1,000 business and residential customers impacted by PSPS events in 2020, 60% of the respondents said PG&E’s handling of PSPS in 2020 was improved over 2019 (and only 10% expressing that it was worse). 4 Beyond the largest wildfire-related programs, PG&E’s 2020 WMP efforts delivered on nearly all of our commitments. Details of the 38 commitments from the 2020 WMP and performance are provided in Section 7.2.B of the 2021 WMP. We also identified gaps in 2020 that we are closing to improve our wildfire risk mitigation activities, as discussed in Section E below.

    D. Updated Risk Models That Improve Quantification and Prioritization Tools…E. Gaps Identified, Lessons Learned and Actions to Resolve…1. Risk Prioritization of EVM Work…2. Quality of Vegetation Management Activities…3. Prioritizing the scheduling and execution of system inspections in HFTD areas…4. Addressing WSD-Identified Action Items and Quality Performance…

    F. Wildfire Risk Mitigation Activities…Table PG&E-ExecutiveSummary-1 below summarizes the progress on the major wildfire mitigation activities undertaken in 2020, and our targets for 2021. As noted in the introduction, PG&E’s 2021 WMP is focused on three overarching goals: (1) reducing wildfire ignition risk; (2) enhancing wildfire risk situational awareness; and (3) reducing the impact of PSPS events for our customers and communities…

    1. Reduce Wildfire Ignition Potential…a. Enhanced VM…b. Asset Inspection and Repair…c. System Hardening…d. Public Safety Power Shutoffs…2. Enhanced Wildfire Situational Awareness…a. Situational Awareness Tools…PG&E’s situational awareness tools in the HFTD areas include: • Weather stations…• High-definition cameras…• Enhanced abnormal condition or wire-down detection tools; and • Satellite fire-detection monitoring of PG&E service territory…b. Wildfire Safety Operations Center and Meteorology…3. Reduce Impact of PSPS…a. Smaller: Reducing the Number of PSPS-Affected Customers…b. Shorter: Reducing PSPS Duration…c. Smarter: Better Community and Customer Awareness, Coordination and Support…

    G. New Technology Deployments and Future Improvements…

    New technologies may meaningfully change the risk profile of operating our electric transmission and distribution systems in the high fire risk environments of Northern and Central California. Several system operations technologies that were initiated in 2020 are being further implemented and explored in 2021 and beyond. A selection of these technologies, which are discussed in more detail in Section 7 of the 2021 WMP, include:

    • Rapid Earth Fault Current Limiter – technology that has the ability to automatically and rapidly reduce the flow of current and risk of ignition in single phase to ground faults.

    • Distribution, Transmission, and Substation: Fire Action Schemes and Technology) – an internally developed PG&E technology pilot that aims to use fraction-of-a-second technologies to detect objects approaching energized power lines and respond quickly to shut off power before object impact.

    • Continuous monitoring sensors – measure current in real-time and report events as they occur. These line sensors are next-generation fault indicators with additional functionality and communication capabilities.

    • Data Management and Maturity – PG&E is working to operationalize a data analytics environment that integrates asset-related information from disparate data sources into a single environment, which can enable improved, data-driven approaches to wildfire risk mitigation.

    H. Conclusion

    PG&E continues to grow and learn about wildfire risk itself, initiate actions that can best reduce that risk, and optimally targeting those actions. Although PG&E does not have a complete roadmap of all the actions and deliverables to reduce wildfire risk that will occur over the next 5 to 10 years; we have seen our wildfire risk mitigation approaches improve significantly in just the last two-plus years since the WMP process was launched. We are optimistic that improvements will continue as PG&E, our state, nation, communities, technology providers and others learn, adapt, develop and invent refinements, new tools and novel approaches. Going forward, as we learn of other improvement opportunities, we will similarly move rapidly to incorporate those learnings and optimize our efforts to reduce wildfire risk. There is much more work to do and we are committed taking those steps to significantly reduce wildfire risk and prevent catastrophic wildfires associated with utility equipment…

    Saturday, April 03, 2021

    Denial Goes Oh So Wrong

    In 2011, this guy said cooling, not warming, was the threat. Then and now the threat was and is ignorance. From greenmanbucket via YouTube

    Solar On Schools Can Pay For Teachers

    These schools in Arkansas are saving enough money using solar to increase teachers’ pay and bonuses.From CBS This Morning via YouTube

    DOE Secretary of the Solutions Department Jennifer Granholm

    This is how taxpayer dollars are going to be used to build a cleaner, more reliable, more equitable power system and drive a historic energy transition. From U.S. Department of Energy via YouTube

    Friday, April 02, 2021

    ‘Gotta Have Hope’ To Beat The Climate Crisis

    Climate crisis: keeping hope of 1.5°C limit alive is vital to spurring global action

    Richard Black and Catherine Happer, March 30, 2021 (The Conversation)

    “…[Since the 2015 Paris climate summit, the question has been whether national emission-cutting pledges will meet] the 1.5°C target…The outcome depends on two things we cannot know with precision: how sensitive the climate system is to rising greenhouse gas concentrations, and how quickly the world will cut emissions…Humanity has little sway over climate sensitivity. But on the second issue – what we do about emissions – humanity clearly holds the lever of influence…

    The recent UN report showed that governments are not pushing that lever on short-term emissions hard enough. Only 40% of countries have so far set a new emission-cutting target for 2030…Collectively, they are pledging to bring emissions down by 1% below 2010 levels rather than the 45% proposed by the IPCC as being compatible with meeting the 1.5°C limit…Yet, since autumn 2020, China, the EU, the US, Japan and South Korea have all pledged to reach net zero emissions around mid-century. If they follow through, that would halve the gap to the 1.5°C target – and that’s without factoring in the wider effect on global markets, investment and prices that will inevitably follow…

    …[T]he future is not set, and much will depend on decisions made in these next few crucial years…The chances of stopping warming at 1.5°C increase the faster the global community cuts greenhouse gas emissions to zero…[How fast we do that depends on] consensus and empowerment…From climate change to vaccination, a consensus message from scientists increases public faith and willingness to act…[And chances are better] if people feel they have a chance of succeeding…[No one can possibly know if we will, but] US president Barack Obama once said: “Yes, we can.” And knowing that we can makes it more likely that we will.” click here for more

    New Energy Prices Win China’s Energy Market

    Global Green Energy Transition: China To Ramp Up Local Demand & Supply Of Renewables, Says Credit Suisse

    Tanuvi Joe, March 29, 2021 (Green Queen)

    “…[China can reach] its net-zero carbon emissions goal by 2060 and end dependency on foreign manufacturing…[because] renewable energy sources like solar and wind energy are starting to gain a huge market share in the country, thanks to the drop in pricing for these sources…A recent report showed that between 2009 and 2019 alone, solar energy costs dropped massively, from US$359 per megawatt-hour to a mere US$40, making it the cheapest clean energy source to date…

    …[Global investment bank] Credit Suisse predicts that China’s annual solar installation will nearly triple from an average of 42 gigawatts (GW) per year in the 2016-2020 period to 103 GW per year in the 2021-2025 period…[Solar-generated electricity generated] will on average cost 177% less than the same electricity produced by a new coal facility. In China, over 300 major cities have solar power that is cheaper than electricity supplied by the national grid...[The demand for wind energy is expected to grow from 2016’ 31 GW annually] to 43 GW per year in the next five years with major support from state-owned developers…

    …[According to China’s 14th five-year plan for 2021 to 2025, it will] overachieve its non-fossil fuel energy mix target by 2030, hitting three percentage points above its official target of 25%...[China] is already the world’s largest hydrogen producer with about one-third of the world’s hydrogen production…[and] green hydrogen has the capability to achieve parity with grey hydrogen in the long run, due to an increased carbon price, advancement of electrolysis and reasonable renewable generation…” click here for more